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Pow Kee


Pow Kee, Fishing, Hankow 1884. Gift of Mrs. Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1887. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1880s. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1887. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1884. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1880s. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1887. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1887. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1880s. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland


Pow Kee, Hankow (now Hankou), 1880s. Gift of Mrs Riddell in memory of Peter Fletcher Riddell, 1985. National Galleries of Scotland

Pow Kee (Bao Ji zhaoxiangguan, 寶記照相館) was an important photography studio that was first active in Hankou. It then moved to Nanjing by the 1880s, and finally re-established its business in Shanghai by the 1890s apparently under the name of ‘Powkee & Sons’. It then was operated by Ouyang Shizhi and his son and two daughters until its closing around 1934. At its height the photography studio had more than twenty employees. In Shanghai, the Pow Kee & Sons studio was a popular meeting place for celebrities, urban elites, and others.


More information:
www.nationalgalleries.org
loewentheilcollection.com

Neocons Chest Thumping

The Neocons are working overtime to find a justification for a war……most are based on LIES and propaganda……PERIOD!

The news these days is how close the US is coming to a shooting war with Iran…..but it is not the first time in recent history……

https://lobotero.com/2006/12/27/how-will-an-iranian-war-begin/

https://lobotero.com/2015/04/16/a-really-bad-idea-a-limited-war-with-iran-the-national-interest/

Keep in mind that the architect of the 2003 invasion of Iraq on false information was John Bolton, among others…..and now he is in a position that gives him more influence than in 2003……

All I can say is…here we go again!

An Iraq-War redux is now in full play, with leading roles played by some of the same protagonists – President Donald Trump’s national security adviser, John Bolton, for example, who says he still thinks attacking Iraq was a good idea. Co-starring is Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.

The New York Times on Tuesday played its accustomed role in stoking the fires, front-paging a report that, at Bolton’s request, Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan has come up with an updated plan to send as many as 120,000 troops to the Middle East, should Iran attack American forces or accelerate work on nuclear weapons. The Times headline writer, at least, thought it appropriate to point to echoes from the past: “White House Reviews Military Plans Against Iran, in Echoes of Iraq War.”

Pretexts for an Attack on Iran

John Bolton is in “Wonderland” at this time……

John Bolton has a Haig-sized ego. (one must be an old fart to appreciate the Haig reference) He aspires to control the ebb and flow of foreign policy in the Trump administration. He is often at odds with his colleagues from the State Department and Pentagon. And he is dealing with a president who, if not asleep much of the time, is only intermittently focused on national security issues.

Recently, Bolton too seemed to have his “I’m in control here” moment. With the conflict intensifying in Venezuela, the national security advisor leaked the opposition plan for the army to defect en masse from the Maduro government in favor of challenger Juan Guiado. Bolton’s tweets reportedly angered President Trump, who felt “boxed into a corner,” particularly after the defections didn’t materialize and Nicolas Maduro did not flee the country.

https://www.counterpunch.org/2019/05/16/bolton-in-wonderland/

Time for all parties to step back and think what they are doing. Once the “brink” has been breached then coming back becomes much more difficult.

Perhaps these actions are a prelude to negotiations: the U.S. is exerting “maximum pressure”, it says, to bring a more compliant Iran back to the table; in like manner, should Tehran conclude that it has no choice but to reach a new deal with Washington in order to relieve unsustainable economic strain, it will want to enter such talks with a stronger hand. Resuming its nuclear activities, making its presence felt in the region, and disrupting Saudi or Emirati oil exports could all be ways of enhancing its bargaining power. But if these manoeuvres are a diplomatic game, it is a dangerous one: either side could misinterpret the other’s intentions. Any Iranian move could easily lead to U.S. and/or Israeli strikes which, in turn, could lead to an Iranian counter-response. Or vice versa. Escalation comes easily; de-escalation is a much taller order, especially in the absence of direct channels of communication that can pre-empt misunderstandings or miscalculations.

 
This could become a major war since we have a president that sows chaos in his wake….this needs a steady hand and commonsense to prevent this from exploding.
 
But until then….the Neocons in Trumpland are trying to sell this as a “Just War”…….a Just War?
 
Just war theory deals with the justification of how and why wars are fought. The justification can be either theoretical or historical. The theoretical aspect is concerned with ethically justifying war and the forms that warfare may or may not take. The historical aspect, or the “just war tradition,” deals with the historical body of rules or agreements that have applied in various wars across the ages. For instance, international agreements such as the Geneva and Hague conventions are historical rules aimed at limiting certain kinds of warfare which lawyers may refer to in prosecuting transgressors, but it is the role of ethics to examine these institutional agreements for their philosophical coherence as well as to inquire into whether aspects of the conventions ought to be changed.
 
To me a Just War is a silly notion that only applies in a very limited reasons…..
 
And then we have those that a “Preventive War” is the only answer…..to that I say Bullshit!
 
The Neocons are working overtime to find a justification for a war……most are based on LIES and propaganda……PERIOD!

سلاح الحق هو القوة: اليورو فيجين وانقلاب السحر على الساحر من فريق هاتاري الى تامر نفار و”راجع عالبيت”

 

 

 

 

لن تكون الكلمات مجرد تناثر لرذاذ في الهواء، فهناك ما هو للحق من قوة لا تستطيع ان تتغلب عليها قوى الظلام ولا الشر مجتمعة.

قوة تمسح في لحظات الخنوع والخوف والمسوخ لتجعل للحق شكلا لا يكون الجنس ولا العرق ولا الميول ولا اللون الا وسيلة لتحقيقه.

هذا ما واردني من مشاعر منذ جاء اليوم المنتظر من “خطيئة” مسابقة الاغنية “اليورو فيجين” واستضافته في إسرائيل.

عندما قامت “عربية” باسم لوسي أيوب بتقديم اغنية الشارة للمسابقة الدولية بترويج لإسرائيل على انها دولة السلم والسلام، وانتهاء باغنية تامر نفار “راجع عالبيت” بذكرى النكبة.

في وقت تزامن فيه اعلان المحاكم الألمانية تجريم حركة مقاطعة إسرائيل، جاء ما كان من المفترض ان يكون دعما موصولا لإسرائيل من استضافة المهرجان العربي ليؤكد ان نيران الظلم لا يمكن الا ان تصبح في يوم رمادا ليتطاير في عيون الظالمين والخانعين.

تكاثفت جهود كثيرة من اجل ادحاض هذا المهرجان وكسر جماح تبجح إسرائيل في وقت تزامن معه اعتداء سلطات الاحتلال العسكرية على غزة. فكان الرد الأول من قبل مجموعة فلسطينية بادرت بعمل بديل للمهرجان، قاده فنانين شباب مثل بشار مراد وتامر نفار. لم تكف حركة المقاطعة من الحث على عدم المشاركة في المهرجان، ولكن كان الفريق الأيسلندي بمثابة القطعة الثلجية التي تدحرجت لتتفجر في لهيب المهرجان عند استغلالهم للحظة اعلان النتائج ليخرجوا بأعلام فلسطينية بقلب القاعة المليئة بمناصري الصهيونية. قد يكون الفعل رمزي للبعض، وقد يكون بلا أي أهمية، لان وجودهم كان فيه من الاعتراف بدولة الاحتلال، داعما لهم بكل تأكيد. الا ان ما قاموا به، كان دليلا أكيدا على ان الحراك نحو مقاطعة إسرائيل، يسير على خطى جيدة، فليس المطلوب ان يكون الانسان جزء من حركة المقاطعة، وليس من الضروري ان ينهج وفق قواعدها. يكفي ان يكون الانسان في موضعه رسولا لدحض الظلم واعلاء كلمة الحق.

قد يدخلنا النقاش الى دائرة مغلقة من الجدوى او عدمها، كما النقاش في شأن مشاركة الفلسطينيين بانتخابات الإسرائيلية. كجدوى ان يكون الفلسطيني نائبا في الكنيست ليدحض سياساتهم ام ليكون بيدقا يحركونه وفق مصالحهم. الا ان ما جرى باليورو فيجين هذا العام، يؤكد ان الاحرار في العالم متواجدون، وان القضية الفلسطينية قضية عادلة، بالرغم من سوء ادارتها من قبل الساسة الفلسطينيين.

الدرس الذي يجب ان نتعلمه هنا، ان الوسائل من الممكن ان تختلف في نهجها او طرحها او ممارستها. لا اريد الدخول بفتوى “شدة” او “صرامة” حركة المقاطعة، التي يجب ان تستمر في نهجها، ولكن يجب ان تستوعب أيضا، ان الحراك من اجل دعم القضية الفلسطينية ليس مقتصرا عليها ولها. فهناك من يؤمنون بنصر القضية الفلسطينية بطرقهم الخاصة. قد نختلف في كيفية رؤية الأمور، ولكن، هنا نرى ان في هذا الموضوع، هناك اختلاف للطرح كليا من قبل الفنانين. فليس بغريب طرح الفريق الايسلندي من حيث المشاركة بأغنية كانت كلماته ضد الاحتلال ومن ثم رفع العلم الفلسطيني، كما مشاركة تامر نفاع في المهرجان البديل “جلوبال فيجين” تزامنا مع اغنية ” راجع عالبيت”

قد تكون أدوات هؤلاء الفنانين مختلفة تماما عما نفهمه نحن الجيل “الاقدم” والمختلف ثقافيا ربما، واجتماعيا عن هؤلاء الشباب، الذين يرون الدنيا وقضاياها بمنظار مختلف. وسواء اعجبنا نهجهم او فنهم او كلماتهم او اشكالهم ام لم تعجبنا، فهم أصحاب طاقات مؤثرة تخدم في حالاتهم المختلفة قضيتنا، لأنهم بالفعل يؤمنون بأن هناك حق لا بد بالمطالبة به كما بكلمات اغنية مغني الراب الفلسطيني تامر نفار، وباطل لا بد من ضحده والاستياء منه كما في كلمات الفريق الايسلندي.

في سياق اخر، سحبت قناة الجزيرة-أي جي + فيديو تم نشره على قناتها العربية قبل أيام عن الهولوكوست بعد انتقادات شاسعة كسرت الانترنت باتهام القناة بالا سامية. الامر الذي جعلني أفكر بجدية احتياجنا كعرب وكفلسطينيين بدراسة حقيقية لما هو مجدي استخدامه من اجل التركيز ونصرة القضية الفلسطينية. فبين ما قامت به الجزيرة من تقرير يحاول فيه دحض الهولوكوست (او هكذا تم الترويج للأمر من قبل الحراك الصهيوني) وبين ما قام به الفنانون الفلسطينيون كما بأغنية تامر نفار للجلو بل فيجين، تبقى الحاجة للتفكير بما نحتاج اليه من تغيير في دفاعنا ومناصرتنا لقضيتنا، بعيدا ربما بقدر المستطاع عما تم التعود عليه من أساليب دفاع وهجوم لم تعد مفيدة. لربما نحتاج ان نركز على المستقبل بينما نتمسك بحقنا، كل ما يعرف وما يفهم وما يستطيع ان يقدمه من اجل قضيته، بلا محدودات تفرضها سياسة او أحزاب.

لأن الرجوع للبيت حق…. لا يمكن المساومة عليه مهما طال الزمن واستبد الظلم وسرقت الحقوق.

 

“راجع عالبيت.. انا راجع عالبيت

وين ما بقدر اغسل غبار الوقت عن ايدي…

انا راجع عالبيت

لو تسحب الأرض من تحت اجري

انا بوقع لفوق

بطفي الضي بغمي عيني بوقع في البيت

من ناحيتي الدنيا تتطربق من تحتها لفوقها

المفروض إني أصل البيت

اشلح الضجة وما اسمع صوتها

المفروض انعزل من الفوضى

واني اصغي لأجمل نوتا

صوت مفتاحي يلف القفل

والمفتاح يلف يلف يلف

ولكن في اشي ناقص

فيش بيت بدونك

بحط المفتاح بالقفل

والمفتاح يلف

لكن في اشي ناقص

فش بيت بدونك

حلمت أنك عدت البلد

شعب بحالوا انطرد من بلاده

عم بحاول يرجع

في أي لغة نحكيها

فيش ضي بعيونك

رجعت لما سرقوا لحظاتنا

رجعنا لوين ما سرقوا لحظاتنا

وأخوي بعدك ناقص

نحن لم نبك ساعة الوداع

فلدينا لم يكن وقت ولا دمع

ولم يكن وداع

العيون متأملة

افاق مغبرة

بديش ويز

انا عندي وان ويي

رجعة بلا روحه

الطريق وحده

الزمن يلف يلف يلف وانا راجع عالبيت “

These Tiny Teeth Suggest Neanderthals Evolved Earlier Than We Thought

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Deep within the Atapuerca Mountains of northern Spain, a cave called the “Pit of Bones” became the final resting place for some very tiny ancient teeth. The teeth aren’t just tiny—they’re unusually small, almost shrunken in comparison with the Neanderthal skulls they came from. According to Aida Gómez-Robles, who works at University College London as an anthropologist, this strange size discrepancy could suggest that Neanderthals and modern humans split off far earlier than previously thought. She published her findings on May 15, 2019, in Science Advances.

To be fair, scientists have never been able to agree precisely when we diverged from Neanderthals. Previous DNA estimates suggest the two groups split around 400,000 years ago, according to the study. But these tiny teeth don’t fit squarely into that timeline. Though they date back 430,000 years, they look eerily similar to the teeth of Neanderthals that lived much later, with features distinct from those of Homo sapiens.

According to Gómez-Robles’s past research, hominid teeth evolve at a relatively standard rate and tend to become smaller over time. The teeth of the last known common ancestor of Neanderthals and modern humans were larger and more primitive, according to the study. So in order for Neanderthals to develop teeth as small and distinctively shaped as those found in the Pit of Bones, they would have needed to split from Homo sapiens much earlier than previously thought. As Gómez-Robles told Science, “there wasn’t enough time for Neanderthal teeth to change at the rate [teeth] do in other parts of the human family tree”

To test this theory, Gómez-Robles calculated the rate at which the teeth found in the Pit of Bones would have needed to evolve after Neanderthals split from their common ancestor with Homo sapiens, according to Science. According to these models, Neanderthals would have needed to split from Homo sapiens somewhere between 800,000 and 1.2 million years ago.

Not everyone’s convinced. The paleoanthropologist Rick Potts, who directs the Smithsonian’s Human Origins Program, believes researchers shouldn’t jump to conclusions that all dental rates of evolution would be this standard, according to a story in Smithsonian Magazine. Gómez-Robles says it is possible that the teeth simply evolved at an unusually rapid rate due to the genetic bottleneck effect seen in remote, isolated populations. But she believes this rapid evolution would have resulted in other physical changes beyond the teeth, as she told Smithsonian.

The “Pit of Bones,” or Sima de los Huesos, has been an enormously significant treasure trove for scientists studying the remains of early humans. It’s also a chillingly accurate name. The depression extends more than 46 feet below the surface, topped with layers upon layers of bones from cave bears. But under the bear bones, the pit holds one of the largest collection of human fossils found anywhere in the world, National Geographic reports. Archaeologists have unearthed over 6,500 human bones from the cave, including several nearly intact human skulls—a real needle in the haystack as far as 300,000-year-old human remains go. One of Sima de los Huesos’s most remarkable skulls opened up a 430,000-year-old murder mystery, bearing two fractures on its forehead that came from “multiple blows” from someone with “an intention to kill,” the BBC reports.

If Gómez-Robles is right, she may have filled in a crucial blank in the timeline of humanity’s family tree. Her research would rule out any possible shared ancestral species between Homo sapiens and Neanderthals that evolved 800,000 years ago. If she’s wrong, at least she’s now intimately familiar with some very old, very tiny teeth.

This Town Didn’t Want to Be a Radioactive Waste Dump. The Government Is Giving Them No Choice.

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PIKETON, OHIO—David and Pam Mills have grown tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and okra on their secluded Appalachian property for about 18 years now. This will be the first year the retired couple doesn’t. They just can’t trust their soil anymore. Not with what’s being built barely a five-minute walk away.

Read more…

Paris, New York & Havana Come to Life in Colorized Films Shot Between 1890 and 1931

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Cities have long provided a rich environment for photography, at least to photographers not interested exclusively in nature. But only with the advent of the motion picture camera did the subject of cities find a photographic form that truly suited it. Hence the popularity in the 1920s of “city symphony” films, each of which sought to capture and present the real life of a different bustling industrial metropolis. But while city symphonies certainly hold up as works of art, they do make modern-day viewers wonder: what would all these capitals look like if I could gaze backward in time, looking not through the jittery, colorless medium of early motion-picture film, but with my own eyes?

Youtuber Ignacio López-Francos offers a step closer to the answer in the form of these four videos, each of which takes historical footage of a city, then corrects its speed and adds color to make it more lifelike.


At the top of the post we have “a collection of high quality remastered prints from the dawn of film taken in Belle Époque-era Paris, France from 1896-1900.” Shot by the Lumière company (which was founded by Auguste and Louis Lumière, inventors of the projected motion picture), the sights captured by the film include the Avenue des Champs-Élysées, Tuileries Garden, the then-new Eiffel Tower, and the now-soon-to-be-rehabilitated but then-intact Notre Dame cathedral.

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The Paris footage was colorized using DeOldify, “a deep learning-based project for colorizing and restoring old images.” So was the footage just above, which shows New York City in 1911 as shot by the Swedish company Svenska Biografteatern and released publicly by the Museum of Modern Art. “Produced only three years before the outbreak of World War I, the everyday life of the city recorded here — street traffic, people going about their business — has a casual, almost pastoral quality that differs from the modernist perspective of later city-symphony films,” say the accompanying notes. “Take note of the surprising and remarkably timeless expression of boredom exhibited by a young girl filmed as she was chauffeured along Broadway in the front seat of a convertible limousine.”

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Shot twenty years later, these clips of New York’s Theater District have also undergone the DeOldify treatment, which gets the bright lights (and numerous ballyhooing signs) of the big city a little closer to the stunning quality they must have had on a new arrival in the 1930s. The streets of Havana were seemingly quieter during that same decade, at least if the colorized footage below is to be believed. But then, the history of tourism in Cuba remembers the 1930s as something of a dull stretch after the high-living 1920s that came before, during the United States’ days of Prohibition — let alone the even more daiquiri- and mojito-soaked 1950s that would come later, speaking of eras one dreams of seeing for oneself.

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via Twisted Sifter

Related Content:

Immaculately Restored Film Lets You Revisit Life in New York City in 1911

The Oldest Known Footage of London (1890-1920) Shows the City’s Great Landmarks

Time Travel Back to Tokyo After World War II, and See the City in Remarkably High-Quality 1940s Video

Berlin Street Scenes Beautifully Caught on Film (1900-1914)

Pristine Footage Lets You Revisit Life in Paris in the 1890s: Watch Footage Shot by the Lumière Brothers

The Oldest Known Footage of London (1890-1920) Shows the City’s Great Landmarks

Based in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and culture. His projects include the book The Stateless City: a Walk through 21st-Century Los Angeles and the video series The City in Cinema. Follow him on Twitter at @colinmarshall, on Facebook, or on Instagram.

Paris, New York & Havana Come to Life in Colorized Films Shot Between 1890 and 1931 is a post from: Open Culture. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus, or get our Daily Email. And don’t miss our big collections of Free Online Courses, Free Online Movies, Free eBooksFree Audio Books, Free Foreign Language Lessons, and MOOCs.