Tag Archives: La-migra

Minorities Women Win Big in 2018 Midterms

By Marielena Castellanos

In a time when the country is divided, minorities and women who ran in record numbers secured major wins across the nation.

For Latinos the Associated Press reports the number of Latinos serving in Congress is increasing to at least 41 in the new year and that 33 out of 44 Latino Democratic candidates won election in Tuesday’s elections, while six out of 15 Latino Republican candidates claimed victory.

The National Association of Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO) states Latinos are 18 percent of the national population and make up seven percent of the 425 representatives in the U.S. House of Representatives.

The youngest woman ever elected to Congress is Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, a progressive political newcomer who unseated a 10-term member of Congress and whose early victory in the primary energized progressive voters not just in New York, but all over the U.S.

In Texas no Latinas had ever represented the state in Congress until this week’s elections. Veronica Escobar a former El Paso County Judge will be the new voice of the 29th Congressional District on the border with Mexico. Escobar was elected in spite of the anti-immigrant rhetoric during the election. Sylvia Garcia also secured a spot in Congress in a majority Hispanic district which has always been represented by an Anglo.

Earlier this year the Brookings Institute reported new statistics from the Census Bureau project that the nation will become “minority white” in 2045.

Among the newly elected some will represent districts that are majority white and have been historically conservative, their victories a rejection of conventional wisdom on electability and the effects of gerrymandering that have historically assigned elected officials of color to represent minority communities, according the newspaper, The Daily Telegraph.

In both Minnesota IIhan Omar and Michigan Rashida Tlaib the first Muslim women were voted into Congress. Omar is also the first Somali-American to serve on the House of Representatives. Tlaib, a Democrat was unopposed in a majority African American district. She told the Telegraph she credited women and first-time voters.

Kansas and New Mexico elected the country’s first Native American women Sharice Davids and Deb Haaland to the House of Representatives. Davids a Democrat, is also an attorney and former MMA fighter according to the Huffington Post. Davids is also the first openly LGBTQ member of the Kansas congressional delegation. Haaland is also a Democrat and has a long track record of public service and said she is the first Native American woman in the country to chair a state party.

Massachusetts elected the first black congresswoman, Ayanna Pressley. Pressley a Democrat and sexual assault survivor spoke up during the Brett Kavanaugh confirmation hearings. She was also the first woman of color elected to the Boston City Council.

Newcomer and progressive Summer Lee won a state house seat in Pennsylvania. The Huffington Post reports she is the first black woman to represent the southwestern region of the state in the legislature.

Republican women also made history. Tennessee elected its first female Senator, Marsha Blackburn. South Dakota also elected Kristi Noem the first female governor.

Jared Polis from Colorado became the first publicly gay candidate to be elected as governor in the U.S.

In Florida Democratic challenger Debbie Mucarsel-Powell a Latina from Ecuador unseated Republican Congressman Carlos Curbelo a Cuban-American by one percentage point according to ABC News in a district that was carried by Hillary Clinton in 2016.

Lauren Underwood an African American registered nurse was among those gaining the title “House Flippers,” by the Chicago Sun Times this week for beating a four-term Republican Congressman Randy Hultgren in Illinois. It’s the first time Underwood runs for office. She won in a district that is 86 percent white and had never sent a woman or a person of color to Congress. In an interview with MSNBC’s Rachel Maddow, Underwood said healthcare will be her top priority.

In New Mexico Xochitl Torres Small appears to be on track to be the first woman to represent New Mexico’s Congressional District 2 with a narrow lead over the GOP state representative Yvette Herrell. Torres Small a water attorney told NBC News this month her skills as a water attorney would help her transcend partisanship in Congress.

In Ohio Anthony Gonzalez, a grandson of Cuban exiles, will be the first Latino to represent the state in Congress according to the Associated Press. NBC News reported this month the district’s population is 94 percent white and that Gonzalez campaigned as a practical conservative willing to work across the aisle.

In New York the Huffington Post reports Antonio Delgado faced racist attack ads by Republicans including one over Delgado’s brief career as a rapper, but none of those efforts stopped the Rhodes Scholar and first time Democratic nominee from winning a seat into Congress.

In Illinois Jesus “Chuy” Gonzalez a Democrat won the seat to replace Rep. Luis Gutierrez in a district where over half of the voters are Latino.

With these gains it remains to be seen if the voter enthusiasm will maintain through the 2020 presidential election.

Native America: Disenfranchised and Under Attack

To say that the past 500 or so years have been a difficult time for Native Americans is a monumental understatement.  However, America’s longstanding genocidal assault is far from a distant memory. This past month alone has reminded us all too clearly that America’s war on Native America is ongoing . U.S. District Judge Reed […]

A World of Latino Creativity Taking Place in San Diego

By Marielena Castellanos

Latino arts and culture events are in full swing throughout the county, with several worth seeing. Eight acclaimed films from Mexico will be shown on the big screen at North Park’s Digital Gym Cinema. In Carlsbad, telenovelas take centerstage in a play exploring death, grieving, and language and cultural barriers. In Fallbrook, the theme of “Sanctuary,” escaping violence and finding a safe place to live are the inspiration of an art exhibit.

The Media Arts Center San Diego’s Digital Gym Cinema, which also organizes the San Diego Latino Film Festival each year, is co-presenting a traveling film festival known as the Hola Mexico Film Festival. Eight of the most popular and acclaimed recently released movies in Mexico will be featured at festival running from October 19 – October 25. Each film is presented in Spanish with English subtitles. A list of the complete program is available on the Digital Gym Cinema’s website: https://digitalgym.org. Regular admission tickets cost $11, student, senior, and veteran tickets $8.50, and Digital Gym Cinema Member tickets $7.50.

Moises Esparza, programing manager for the Media Arts Center San Diego, commented on the Hola Mexico Film Festival in San Diego, “We are proud to be the official headquarters of this selection.”

Esparza also pointed out some of this year’s highlights, “Hola Mexico is full of movies never before released in our city as “Sacudete las penas” and “Eras mi pasión”, and also includes several titles such as “Los adioses” and VUELVEN that were among the highlights of the recent edition of the San Diego Latino Film Festival.”

“The selection is unforgettable and we are sure that it will please all those who love movies from Mexico,” Esparza added.

Oscar winner Guillermo del Toro has hailed “Vuelven,” and said it is one of the best Mexican films in recent years. The dark fantasy is a heartfelt genre which tells the story of a young 10-year-old who has three wishes, one of those is for her missing mother to return. The film takes off when that wish is granted.

“Sacúdete las penas bailando” is a story of passion and freedom. Set in the 1950s, the film tells the story of prisoner Pepe Frituras, the most famous dancer from Mexico condemned to spend his time behind bars. It takes place at the Lecumberri Palace, once one of the most dangerous prisons in Mexico, also known as the “Black Palace,” which housed a number of famous personalities including muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros, who also painted a mural at the prison.

The festival also includes the award-winning film, “Oso Polar,” a road trip movie about three friends from childhood who relive laughs, hurts, and hates as adults which was shot with an iPhone 5.

Director Marcelo Tobar said the idea to film the movie on a cell phone came by accident, and in an interview with the television program “Excelsior Informa” said when it comes to film his production proves “There is no ‘it can’t be done.’”

In Carlsbad New Village Arts’ (NVA) Teatro Pueblo Nuevo continues with the San Diego premiere of “Guadalupe in the Guest Room,” a play written by rising playwright Tony Meneses and directed by NVA’s Associate Artistic Director Nadia Guevara. The play runs until October 28, 2018.

It tells the story of two people with nothing in common, but a shared grief over a family member, who bond in the most unexpected ways. It’s described as a deeply moving and very funny celebration of life, new beginnings, and the healing power of telenovelas.

The play first premiered in 2015 Guevara explained and added she was, “Excited to produce the West Coast premiere of it at New Village Arts, as part of the Teatro Pueblo Nuevo initiative designed to put the Latinx narrative center stage.”

“The play’s themes of grief, loss, and family are universal, but the magic of the telenovela coming to life and offering healing, humor and understanding offered that bit of magic that I love to explore as a theatre-maker,” Guevara said.

Teatro Pueblo Nuevo (TPN) is New Village Art’s bilingual bicultural community outreach initiative created to honor Latinx culture and history in North County, which began its programming last year. It was spearheaded by Guevara who was featured in the San Diego Union Tribune as a “rising local theatre force.”

TPN’s first main stage production was in January of this year, CLOUD TECTONICS by Jose Rivera, and was met with critical acclaim. Herbert Sigüenza, co-founder of Culture Clash and voice of Pixar’s COCO, directed the show, and Nadia Guevara starred in the play.

A complete list of the dates and times of the play’s performances can be found on the New Village Arts website at http://www.newvillagearts.org. Ticket prices range from $33 to $36.

In the North County, the Fallbrook Library presents an exhibit with original artwork around the theme of “Sanctuary,” showcasing the works of Latino artists from Los Angeles and Tijuana.

Carol Zaleski, a member of the Friends of Fallbrook Library Board of Directors, said the exhibit addresses finding a safe place, a sanctuary, “In these times when violence and fear threaten many people in many parts of the world.”

The exhibit explores the political and social climate of fear that exists today in many countries because of war and conflict, and is forcing people to leave their homes, seek refuge and find sanctuary. It has been shown in other parts of California, including Pomona and Pasadena.

A reception will be held Friday, October 19, 2018 at the Fallbrook Library from 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. to honor and meet the artists. Musica Sin Fronteras will perform Latin American music.

Food will also be provided. The exhibit is free to the public and runs through November 2, 2018.

Mario A. Hernandez, with LA Plaza de Culturas y Artes in Los Angeles and who was one of the curators of the exhibit said, “We chose to do a Latinx art exhibit with the Sanctuary theme in mind, because of the urge for artists to communicate and express current unfair political/global issues.”

“Through art, artists speak their minds and project their response to injustice. An art composition may communicate so many messages without saying a word.”

Oceanside Community Speaks Out Against Racist Board Game

By Ana Gomez Salcido

Recently, Oceanside Unified School District (OUSD) students at Cesar Chavez Middle School were allowed to create a board game on migration as part of a class project that was approved by an OUSD teacher that the community considered as cruel, hurtful, and humiliating.

This board game called “Deportation Time”, consisted of student players competing against each other to cross the U.S. border and reach a U.S. flag, while deporting each other during the game. The format of the board game makes serious issues, such as historically racist policies, appear apolitical and entertaining while simultaneously making a mockery out of the social conditions that migrant working families face in the community.

Many children in the Oceanside district come from mixed status families and have been hurt by the policies and practices that tear apart families and separates children from their parents by forceful physical removal from the communities in which they live.

According to members from the Human Rights Council of Oceanside (HRCO), MEChA de MiraCosta College, and other community members, this board game reinforces a culture of competition instead of solidarity and teaching teamwork, makes white supremacist political practices and policies seem humorous and innocent.

“The community sees this game as part of a systematic problem, there is a record of other incidents. Many of the HRCO members were OUSD students and we want to know what is this school district doing for the community,” said HRCO member, Karen Plascencia to La Prensa San Diego. “We don’t have anything against the teacher, or anything against the board game, we see this situation as a bigger problem.”

A group of community members went to the OUSD board meeting held last week, and asked for five demands so there isn’t another situation similar to the creation of “Deportation Time.”

The demands include staff development in the form of an annual mandatory Cultural Sensitivity Training for all OUSD teachers to be implemented, and provided by a non-profit organization. Another demand is that the superintendent must hold an annual public forum where the community can participate in open dialogue.

Also, all agendas and board meeting minutes must be provided in Spanish in conjunction with the release of the general agenda and minutes, with board meeting interpreters proficient in Spanish.

The demands also include a teacher committee on ethnic studies to be formed under the initial guidance of consultants recommended by the Statewide Ethnic Studies Now Coalition.

Lastly, the demands include that Know Your Rights informational forums are held on OUSD campuses to be advertised to all OUSD families, prioritizing those directly impacted by this issue in conjunction with programs like ELD and Migration Education.

HRCO, MECha de Miracosta, and other community members will gather with OUSD superintendent to talk about the five demands, on Monday, Oct. 29.

Killing of Reporter by Saudi Arabia is State-Sponsored Terrorism

By Arturo Castañares / Publisher and CEO

A Washington Post reporter disappeared after entering the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, two weeks ago.

Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi citizen but permanent resident of the U.S., went into the consulate to file paperwork so he could get married in Turkey, and was not seen again. Khashoggi’s fiancée was waiting outside and watched him walk in, and she says he never returned.

The first reports of Khashoggi’s disappearance came from unnamed Turkish intelligence sources that said they had audio and video evidence that Khashoggi had been killed in the consulate (The Turks have not released that evidence, most likely because it would also prove they have been spying on the Saudis.)

After two weeks of denials by the Saudi government, a new report by the Saudis is expected to admit Khashoggi was interrogated, tortured, and died inside the consulate in what seems like an interrogation gone bad.

The Saudis now say Khashoggi was tortured by unauthorized agents who accidentally killed him during a plan to capture and return him to Saudi Arabia, presumably to punish him for his outspoken opposition to the ruling family.

Khashoggi has been in self-imposed exile for years after constantly criticizing the Saudi King and Crown Prince for their roles in Qatar, Lebanon, and cracking down on reporters and critics.

Now he’s dead. They dismembered him. Inside their consulate. Then hid the evidence. And lied about it. But the King and Crown Prince didn’t know? That’s their story. And, for now, they’re sticking to it.

Khashoggi wasn’t just a reporter; he had been a vocal critic of the Kingdom for several years and may have been one of, if not the highest profile Arab critic of the Saudis.

On Twitter, Khashoggi had almost 2 million followers, the most among all Arab journalists.

Earlier this year, he launched a group called Democracy for the Arab World Now (DAWN), aimed at promoting democratic and human rights causes throughout the Middle East.

DAWN was incorporated in Delaware, and Khashoggi was set to lead the group as an American-based international non-governmental agency.

A statement by the group earlier this year now seems like an ironic promise to lead by example.

“Victims of the Arab world’s authoritarian regimes seek leadership from the U.S. and DAWN intends to provide such leadership,” the statement reads.

If Khashoggi’s disappearance, interrogation, torture, death, and dismemberment happened as most people fear, no U.S. intelligence official believes it could have happened without the knowledge and approval of the Saudi Crown Prince, Mohammed bin Salman.

King Salman appointed Prince Mohammed bin Salman, his oldest son from his third wife, as his heir apparent in 2017, after the King was diagnosed with dementia.

MBS, as the Crown Prince is called, has labeled himself a reformer and instituted progressive policies like allowing women to drive and reopening movie theaters after having been banned for more than 25 years.

But, MBS has also taken some questionable actions that have raised concerns about equal justice and human rights violations.

Last year, soon after assuming power, MBS detained more than 200 princes and businessmen in a wide-ranging corruption investigation. The people were held at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel for three months until most of them paid back billions of dollars they had allegedly taken as bribes or in illicit business deals.

Later, MBS began a crackdown on women’s rights activists. 17 activists were arrested and two are still awaiting a court hearing later this month where they could face beheading. Human rights groups have protested the arrests and threats of death sentences for activists whose only “crime” is advocating for equal rights for women.

Critics of MBS maintain that, although he may be a progressive by Saudi standards, he is still too slow to adopt real reforms to protect women, children, and activists in one of the world’s richest countries.

Many still refer to the Saudi family as an authoritarian regime with enormous financial power that seems to deter criticism from the U.S. and other Western countries.

Saudi Arabia is still the world’s largest producer of crude oil, and has an outsized influence on global oil prices. This week, Saudis suggested they could impact oil prices if countries instituted sanctions over Khashoggi’s disappearance. Not since the 1973 oil embargo has Saudi Arabia linked its oil policy to political issues.

Additionally, the Saudi sovereign wealth fund, the kingdom’s main investment vehicle, wields huge power with its estimated $1.3 trillion, second in the world only to China’s fund.

A financial summit being held next week in the Saudi capital of Riyahd aimed at attracting foreign investment has lost several key sponsors and speakers because of the Khashoggi case, including the CEOs of Ford, Chase, Uber, and the WorldBank, as well as Fox Business News and even US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin just announced he won’t attend either.

And their business ties to American companies through purchases of military airplanes, bombs, weapons, and missile systems clearly weighs heavily on American politicians.

This week, when Khashoggi’s disappearance became news, President Donald Trump said he wasn’t sure how to respond because he didn’t want to disrupt a recent military arms deal worth up to $110 billion that will help Boeing, Lockheed Martin, and Raytheon.

Although Trump said he believes both King Salman and the Crown Prince when they denied knowing anything about Khashoggi, other prominent Republicans in Washington are laying out more aggressive positions.

Many in Congress, including Senators Lindsey Graham and Marco Rubio have said that the U.S. must respond assertively if it turns out Khashoggi was murdered in the consulate.

In the past few days, the Turks have released pictures of one of MBS’s closest security aides arriving in Turkey on the day Khashoggi disappeared, and entering the same consulate just a few hours before him. That security aide later visited the Consul General’s home and then flew back to Saudi Arabia in a private jet that night.

In the end, the issue isn’t whether the U.S. can hold any Saudi official accountable for what happens in their own consulate; it’s about maintaining our moral authority to hold other countries accountable for human rights violations and, as in this case, the murder of a journalist to silence him and terrorize others.

Although freedom of the press is not universally protected, murdering a journalist to silence him must be condemned internationally and unanimously in this day and age.

The U.S. and other countries must demand a transparent investigation into Khashoggi’s murder to determine what happened and who’s the blame.

Anything short will chill media coverage around the world. All journalist will be at risk if this case goes unresolved. And other countries will think they too can take extreme measures to silence their critics.

This is not fake news.

This is terrorism.

The Arhuacos’ last stand in the heights of the Sierra Nevada

High up in the beautiful mountains of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in northern Colombia, stand the last remaining settlements of the Arhuaco Peoples. When the Spanish conquerors arrived, the Arhuaco chose to live in this remote and difficult to access location in the hopes of being able to live undisturbed and in accordance […]

‘Mexamérica’, Identidad que Deja Atrás los Estereotipos

Por Alexandra Mendoza

Con “Mexamérica: Una Cultura Naciendo”, la autora e investigadora Fey Berman busca describir a una diáspora mexicana que va más allá de los estereotipos.

Recientemente, la escritora mexicana visitó la región San Diego-Tijuana para presentar su libro que es una compilación de ensayos, reseñas, crónicas y perfiles elaborados en la última década.

Berman, quien nació en la Ciudad de México y ha radicado en Nueva York desde hace más de 30 años, acuña el término “mexamericano” para referirse precisamente a los millones de inmigrantes mexicanos que se han adaptado a la vida estadounidense. De ahí, el deseo de indagar más a fondo.

La cónsul general de México en San Diego, Marcela Celorio, reiteró esta idea.

“Fey Berman no es mexicana ni es americana, es mexamericana”, señaló al introducir a la escritora frente a quienes acudieron a la presentación del libro en la Universidad de California San Diego (UCSD).

Dicho término explora aquel concepto del “ni de aquí, ni de allá”. Ni son 100 por ciento “americanos”, ni son 100 por ciento “mexicanos”, explica Berman.

“Creo que la percepción en México de que somos mexicanos del otro lado, en territorio gringo, que somos idénticos a nuestros familiares en Pátzcuaro nada más que hablamos spanglish es una ilusión”, enfatizó.

Los mexamericanos llegaron a Estados Unidos para quedarse. Para el 2050, se anticipa que habrá unos 80 millones de ellos y si “Mexamérica” fuera un país, ocuparía lugar 38 entre los más poblados.

Su estatus migratorio varía, pues Berman afirma que sólo el 16 por ciento de los mexamericanos están en el país sin documentos. La diáspora está en todos los campos: ciencias, artes, negocios y académico, por mencionar algunos.

Por ende, la imagen trasciende de solamente los tacos, mariachis y remesas, considera la autora. “Eso describe una parte importante, sin embargo, no es la totalidad”, afirmó Berman.

El cómo se preservará esta identidad en las siguientes generaciones está por verse.

“Creo que el contexto político y social que estamos viviendo ahora te hace sentir que no quieres ser parte de esa identidad”, comentó Berman. “Tiene mucha importancia que tan versado es uno en la cultura mexicana y norteamericana para saber destruir esos estereotipos”, agregó.

“Creo que depende mucho cómo se está transmitiendo de una generación a otra, dentro de las familias, de las universidades y cómo nos perciben el resto de los pobladores de este país”.

Este libro se encontraba próximo a publicarse cuando el entonces candidato -hoy presidente- Donald Trump emergió en la escena política con aquel discurso que ofendió a muchos mexicanos.

Berman, al igual que muchos, no pensó que Trump obtendría la candidatura de su partido y mucho menos que llegaría a la Casa Blanca, pero aun así, quiso apurarse a publicar el libro y la presencia del ahora mandatario sólo derivó en el cambio de “tres o cuatro frases” en la introducción.

La tarea pendiente para Berman es una adaptación del libro dirigida al público no hispano mostrar las contribuciones hechas por los mexamericanos.

“Somos embajadores y que podemos hacer realmente más importante ese rol que puede ser benéfico no solamente para nosotros sino para el resto de Estados Unidos en su conexión con el resto del mundo en donde hablan español”.

‘Community Patrols’ Help Protect Immigrants from ICE

By Alexandra Mendoza

Dawn has not yet come to the Linda Vista community, but a group of advocates is already up and working to protect the rights of local immigrants.

These self-appointed “community patrols” have been reinstated in response to the enhanced threat of immigration raids brought about by current hardline policies. They are private citizens who patrol in their own vehicles marked with signs indicating that they are out “protecting the community”, and “NO to ICE and Police Terror” on their car doors.

Unión del Barrio volunteers said that the patrols were originally started in the nineties by this San Diego-based political organization, as a response to police departments collaborating with federal agencies.

The community patrols were reinstated mid-July of this year after an operation that led to the detention of over 100 people in San Diego and Imperial counties.

The activists chose Linda Vista, a community with a large Mexican and Vietnamese immigrant population, because they feel it is “one of the hardest-hit by ICE in recent months.” Some of the neighbors corroborated having seen the detentions happen.

The community patrols start doing their rounds of the neighborhood since very early in the morning and try to do this at least twice a week. If they spot a vehicle they suspect could be ICE, they inform people on social media and document the incident.

These “community self-defense” activists are well aware of the fact that they cannot interfere with ICE operations. If an officer goes after someone, all they can do is make sure that their rights are not violated, record the incident, and advise families as to what their next steps are, said Unión del Barrio representative Benjamin Prado.

“We are just monitoring,” Benjamin said. “We also want to encourage the community to publicly report ICE activities, precisely because they do it undercover sometimes. We obviously cannot interfere if they already have someone, the goal is to do preventive work,” he added.

According to Prado, they have confronted ICE twice since July. The first time, they witnessed a raid outside of a fast-food restaurant, and some days later, they encountered a vehicle they suspected was being driven by ICE officers.

To strengthen their preventive work, the organization puts up posters with their contact information on utility poles around the neighborhood. While they are putting them up, some people are curious and approach them to ask about what they are doing or even to share their own experiences.

The end goal is to create neighborhood groups so that, eventually, they can be the ones protecting the immigrant families that reside in their community, said Armando Abundis, another member of Unión del Barrio.

They hope to be able to expand these patrols soon to other places around the county where they could be needed. “We would like to grow into other communities, but this is the community that needs us the most,” added Abundis.

La Lucha por DACA Continúa un Año Después de que Trump Intentó Ponerle Fin

Por Marielena Castellanos

Mario A. Cortez | La Prensa San Diego

En este momento, el año pasado, Francisco Peralta Vargas recuerda que no sabía qué pasaría con su vida.

“Olvídalo, cuando te dicen de la noche a día que te despidas de todo lo que tienes planeado, di adiós a tu permiso de trabajo, adiós a tu trabajo, ya no puedes tener un trabajo estable, no puedes pagar tu renta , no puedes pagar tus cuentas ” dijo Vargas.

Vargas, un beneficiario del programa de Acción Diferida para los Llegados en la Infancia (DACA, por sus siglas en inglés), acababa de regresar a San Diego después de celebrar la boda de un amigo en Perris, California, cuando se enteró que el presidente Trump tenía la intención de rescindir el programa DACA.

Vargas, un estudiante a tiempo completo, decidió abandonar todas sus clases.

“No estaba seguro de lo que sucedería, si iba a terminar deportado, sin trabajo, con esta administración antiinmigrante tenía que prepararme para lo peor”, dijo Vargas.

Recuerda a docenas que se reunieron en la noche del año pasado en el Centro de Gobierno del Condado de San Diego, el mismo lugar donde muchos se reunieron de nuevo este año, después de que la administración de Trump haya continuado sus esfuerzos para terminar el programa.

Vargas describió el año pasado como algo dulce pero amargo.

“Fue demasiado rápido y cruel porque se lo hicieron a unas 800 mil personas en el país, y la mayoría de las personas con el permiso de DACA es gente que va a la escuela, gente que trabaja, gente que tiene un record limpio, gente que ha estado aquí desde pequeños, mucha gente no conoce su propio país de origen”.

Esa reunión, que incluyó varios destinatarios de DACA, condujo a la formación de los Soñadores de la Frontera de San Diego y también cambió su vida.

“No estoy contento con lo que paso, pero hizo que muchísima gente despertara”.

Vargas agregó que desde ese momento el grupo ha estado ocupado presionando a los representantes del Congreso, miembros del concejo municipal, participando en diferentes marchas, incluso viajando a Washington D.C. para reunirse directamente con docenas de senadores estadounidenses.

Esta semana, el grupo continuó con sus esfuerzos y organizó una protesta en el mismo lugar y el mismo día en que lo hicieron hace un año, renovando el compromiso de seguir presionando para la protección permanente de los inmigrantes indocumentados.

“Queremos utilizar este día para impulsar este movimiento para que la gente de la Casa Blanca y el resto del Congreso lo sepa, no tenemos miedo, estamos aquí, vamos a continuar aquí”, Dulce García, abogada de inmigración y una de los directores del grupo pro DACA San Diego Border Dreamers, dijo durante la protesta.

Sigue habiendo incertidumbre para el programa DACA y los miles de jóvenes protegidos bajo esta política, incluso después de que un juez federal dictaminó que podría continuar.

El juez de distrito de los Estados Unidos Andrew Hanen negó una solicitud de un mandato preliminar sobre el programa, dando a los beneficiarios de daca una victoria, pero también dijo que eventualmente podría ser considerado ilegal.

“Aquí, el huevo ha sido revuelto”, escribió Hanen. “Tratar de ponerlo de nuevo en el caparazón con solo un registro preliminar de medidas cautelares, y tal vez con un gran riesgo para muchos, no tiene sentido ni sirve a los mejores intereses de este país”.

El fallo se produjo días antes de la marca de un año, cuando el presidente Donald Trump rescindió el programa hace un año, esta semana.

El juez también dijo que la responsabilidad de mantener a DACA pertenece al Congreso, “DACA es un programa popular y uno que el Congreso debería considerar ahorrar”, continuó Hanen. “Si la nación realmente quiere tener un programa DACA, le corresponde al Congreso decirlo”.

Durante la protesta, García también habló sobre la demanda.

Mario A. Cortez | La Prensa San Diego

“Nosotros demandamos al Presidente y gracias a nuestros esfuerzos, nosotros pudimos ganar una orden en corte, donde podemos renovar nuestro permiso de DACA. No fue porque los políticos, no fue porque algún político se compadeció de nosotros, no fue porque esta administración tuviera corazón, sucedió porque los demandamos. Pero no es suficiente. Todavía necesitamos protecciones permanentes”, dijo García.

El fiscal general de Texas, Ken Paxton, quien encabezó varios estados en la demanda contra DACA, se mostró satisfecho con el fallo y dijo en un comunicado: “Nuestra demanda es vital para restablecer el estado de derecho en el sistema de inmigración de nuestra nación”.

En septiembre pasado, en una declaración que explicaba la decisión de rescindir DACA, el presidente Trump dijo: “No estoy a favor de castigar a los niños”.

Pero también dijo: “Antes de preguntar qué es justo para los inmigrantes ilegales, también debemos preguntar qué es justo para las familias, los estudiantes, los contribuyentes y los solicitantes de empleo estadounidenses”.

Trump agregó: “El fracaso de décadas de Washington, D.C. para hacer cumplir la ley federal de inmigración ha tenido consecuencias predecibles y trágicas: salarios más bajos y un mayor desempleo para los trabajadores estadounidenses”.

El fiscal general de EE.UU. Jeff Sessions llamó a DACA “amnistía ejecutiva unilateral”. También dijo que DACA “negó empleos a cientos de miles de estadounidenses al permitir que esos mismos extranjeros ilegales tomen esos trabajos”.

En respuesta al anuncio de Trump el año pasado, el ex presidente Barack Obama respondió con una declaración en Facebook y calificó la decisión de Trump de poner fin al programa como “cruel” y “autodestructivo”.

En 2012, el presidente Obama utilizó sus poderes ejecutivos para permitir que unos 800 mil jóvenes inmigrantes no autorizados trabajen legalmente y permanezcan en el país sin temor a la deportación. Para la mayoría de estos jóvenes, Estados Unidos es el único hogar que han conocido.

Durante la protesta, García recordó al grupo que había personas como ellos que empujaron a Obama a la acción.

“Lo ganamos porque hubo jóvenes arrestados, arriesgando todo, sus medios de subsistencia, sus vidas, sus familias, todo para ganar DACA”, dijo García.

Tres jueces federales también han impedido que la administración ponga fin a DACA.

Alex Montoya, originario de Colombia, también habló en la protesta. “Soy un inmigrante orgulloso”, dijo.

Montoya habló sobre la necesidad de la unidad.

“Necesitamos continuar uniéndonos para luchar contra la tiranía que estamos viendo en la Casa Blanca hoy y asegurarnos de que sepan que no es tierra de ellos, no es tierra de el, es nuestra tierra, y la reclamaremos”.

Aquellos en la protesta también dio la bienvenida a Dream Riders, un grupo encabezado por jóvenes organizadores del Consorcio Nacional de Servicio y Educación de Corea del Norte (NAKASEC) y sus afiliados, quienes completaron una campaña en bicicleta desde Seattle a San Diego para abogar por un camino hacia la ciudadanía para todos los indocumentados inmigrantes.

Se espera que el Procurador General de Texas Paxton apelará el fallo. Si se aprueba su apelación, el Tribunal Supremo de EE.UU. Podría finalmente determinar el caso.

Mientras tanto, Vargas regresó a la escuela, se graduó de un colegio comunitario con un título de asociado y fue aceptado en la Universidad de California San Diego el año pasado para obtener un título en negocios internacionales y estudios Internacionales.

Un año después, resuelto, y sin miedo Vargas también habla con esperanza en su voz.

“Puedo decir felizmente que somos fuertes y seguimos adelante para encontrar una solución permanente”.