Tag Archives: La-migra

La Historia de los Braceros Cobra Vida

Por Mario A. Cortez

José Ulloa Trujillo con su familia

Residentes de Logan Heights e historiadores locales quienes documentan la experiencia mexicoamericana y chicana en San Diego se reunieron este domingo en la galeria Bread and Salt para compartir y recolectar las historias de un capítulo muy importante en la relación entre México y Estados Unidos.

Mediante un programa educativo histórico, El Museo y Centro Cultural del Parque Chicano compartió la historia de José Ulloa Trujillo, un bracero quien eventualmente residiría en la región de Tijuana-San Diego, y recolectaron relatos de parientes de otros braceros.

El Programa Bracero fue una iniciativa por parte del gobierno de los Estados Unidos para importar mano de obra temporal en un esfuerzo de aligerar la falta de trabajadores agrícolas en la década de los 40s. El programa se estima que otorgó más de 5 millones de contratos de trabajo temporal a lo largo de 22 años, siendo así el tratado de trabajo extranjero más grande en la historia de los Estados Unidos.

Ulloa Trujillo, nacido en Zacatecas, trabajaba en las minas de Chihuahua cuando se involucró con el Programa Bracero en 1946. Él trabajó en las granjas de chícharos en Idaho por un año antes de regresar a Chihuahua. Años después, él y su familia se mudaron a nuestra región fronteriza.

La historia de este obrero viajero fue una cual Armando Pulido, historiador local y catedrático en la Universidad de San Diego, y Rigoberto Reyes, líder comunitario y activista, encontraron mientras realizaban una investigación para un libro sobre los autos y comunidad del movimiento lowrider.

Reproducción de un sobre de viaje que Ulloa Trujillo portó en sus viajes

“Conocimos a la familia Ulloa y resultó ser que el abuelo del señor Ray Ulloa fue un bracero y tenía documentos difíciles de encontrar”, compartió Pulido con La Prensa San Diego.

Los asistentes al evento pudieron ver reproducciones de documentos que Ulloa portó con él como una credencial del Programa Bracero y un sobre que servía como boleto de viaje. Un contrato original entregado a Ulloa Trujillo por parte del Departamento de Agricultura de los Estados Unidos y fotos del obrero también estuvieron en exhibición.

Otros componentes del evento incluyeron la presentación de escenas del filme “Cosecha Triste”, la presentación de una publicación que narra la odisea de Ulloa Trujillo al norte y un reconocimiento especial a la familia Ulloa Trujillo, la cual estuvo presente.

“Nosotros quisimos reconocer a la familia que documentamos y que fue parte del Programa Bracero”, dijo Josephine Talamantez, presidente del Museo y Centro Cultural del Parque Chicano. “Este año, los braceros están siendo reconocidos por el país por el trabajo con el que contribuyeron durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y más allá”.

Durante el evento, Pulido y el personal del museo pudieron escanear más documentos pertenecientes a braceros y reunir más relatos sobre estos campesinos.

“Encontramos a una señora cuyo papá fue bracero y unas personas más estuvieron presentes para compartir historias”, dijo Pulido. “Estamos en un proceso de reunir más información y el evento de hoy fue un llamado a esos nombres en el programa bracero para poder tenerlos aquí y presentes en la historia”.

Según Pulido, el proceso de reunir testimonios, realizar investigaciones y hacer convocatorias para historias y documentos, puede tomar entre cinco y siete años para producir un proyecto completo y exhaustivo, esto debido a la naturaleza tan compleja del Programa Bracero.

Mientras tanto, el museo y sus investigadores continúan buscando más historias de los braceros, especialmente aquellos que aún siguen con vida.

“Muchos miembros de este programa se están yendo, así que qué mejor forma de documentar aquellos miembros del Programa Bracero en nuestra comunidad”, afirmó Talamantez. “Queremos esas historias”.

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THIS ARTICLE IS ALSO AVAILABLE IN ENGLISH

The History of Braceros Comes Alive

By Mario A. Cortez

Jose Ulloa Trujillo with his family

Logan Heights residents and historians documenting the Mexican-American and Chicano experience in San Diego gathered to share and collect stories from a significant period in U.S.-Mexico relations.

Through an educational program titled “Braceros: Capturing History Through Our Stories,” the Chicano Park Museum and Cultural Center shared the story of Jose Ulloa Trujillo, a bracero worker who would eventually settle in the Tijuana-San Diego area, and also collected stories from relatives of other bracero workers.

The Bracero Program was an initiative from the United States government to import temporary workers from Mexico in an effort to alleviate agricultural worker shortages in the 1940s. The 22-year-long program is estimated to have granted over 5 million worker contracts over its existence, making it the largest foreign worker treaty in U.S. history.

Ulloa Trujillo, born in the central Mexican state of Zacatecas, was working in the mines of the border state of Chihuahua when he became involved in the Bracero Program in 1946. He worked in the pea farms of Idaho for one year before returning to Chihuahua. Years later, he and his family would relocate to our border region.

The story of his travelling worker was one which Armando Pulido, a historian and professor at USD, and Rigoberto Reyes, a longtime activist and community leader, came across while doing research for a book on the history and cars of San Diego’s lowrider scene.

Reproduction of a ticket envelope which Jose Ulloa Trujillo carried on his travels

“We met the Ulloa family and it turned out that Mr. Ray Ulloa’s grandfather was a bracero and had documents which were rare,” Pulido shared with La Prensa San Diego.

Attendees to the historical event could see reproduced versions of documents which Ulloa carried such as a bracero worker identification card and a ticket envelope. An original worker contract issued to Ulloa Trujillo by the United States Department of Agriculture and photos of Ulloa were also on display.

Other components of this program included a screening of scenes from the film “Harvest of Loneliness,” the presentation of a publication narrating Ulloa Trujillo’s odyssey, and a special recognition to the Ulloa Trujillo family.

“We wanted to highlight the family that we documented and was part of the Bracero Program,” said Josephine Talamantez, chair of the Chicano Park Museum and Cultural Center. “This year the braceros are being recognized throughout the nation for the work which they contributed during World War II and beyond.”

During the event, Pulido and museum staff recorders were also able to scan more documents belonging to braceros and collect more stories about these workers.

“We found a lady whose dad was a bracero and there were a few more people here to share stories,” Pulido said. “We are in the process of collecting more information and today’s event was a call out to those names in the Bracero Program and have them be here and present in history.”

According to Pulido, through the process of gathering testimonials, conducting research and making calls for stories and documents, it could take anywhere from five to seven years to put together a finalized and comprehensive final product given the complexity of the Bracero Program.

In the meantime, the museum and its researchers will continue to seek out more stories of the braceros, especially those who are still alive.

“Many members of the program are going away, so what better way to document those members of the Bracero Program in our community,” Talamantez asserted. “We want those histories.”

California Signs Dignity Not Detention Act Into Law

The Act will Bring Needed Accountability to Private Immigration Prisons

Photo Credit: CIVIC

October 5, 2017 — Today, Governor Brown signed SB 29, the Dignity Not Detention Act, into law, effectively freezing the growth of private, for-profit immigration detention facilities in the state of California. The bill also prohibits cities or counties from entering into new, or modifying existing, contracts with private prison companies for the purposes of expanding immigration detention, and gives California community members the chance to weigh in on the construction of any new facilities in their neighborhoods.

Nearly 4,000 immigrants are detained in facilities across California on any given day, with over 70 percent of them housed in for-profit facilities. SB 29 was authored by Senator Ricardo Lara (D–Bell Gardens) and co-sponsored by Assembly Member Gipson, Assembly Member Gonzalez Fletcher, the Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) and Community Initiatives for Visiting Immigrants in Confinement (CIVIC).

“An economy based upon the confinement of people for profit is immoral, and now in the state of California, its expansion is illegal. Governor Brown, Senator Ricardo Lara, the California Legislature, and human rights advocates across the state have come together to pass one of the most important pieces of pro-immigrant legislation in recent history. There is much more work to be done, but this bill is a step forward in the fight to end our costly, inhumane, and unaccountable detention system,” said Christina Fialho, an attorney and the co-founder/executive director of CIVIC.

“When we detain individuals in facilities that seek profit, with no legal or moral standard of care, we are putting people in danger and encouraging inhumane behavior,” said Grisel Ruiz, staff attorney at the Immigrant Legal Resource Center. “With the Dignity Not Detention Act, we will check the growth of private immigration detention where prison corporations quite literally profit from human suffering, as we continue our work to end the unnecessary practice of jailing immigrants altogether.”

Reports of human rights abuses within these facilities are rampant, from physical and sexual abuse and overuse of solitary confinement to medical neglect and preventable deaths. Immigrants involved in the campaign to end private, for-profit detention facilities spoke out against the conditions of detention in California by saying they were unjustly “operating outside of the law,” with experiences of being “abused and tortured,” and feeling that their “religious freedoms were often violated,” and “helpless.”

“This legislation, coupled with AB 103 a new law passed in June, which checks the expansion of public facilities and directs our Attorney General to provide state oversight of all facilities, tells the federal government loud and clear that California will not be a future partner in the expansion of this broken and abuse immigration detention system,” continued Ruiz. “We thank Governor Brown, Senator Lara, and Attorney General Xavier Becerra for listening to immigrants, residents, local law enforcement, attorneys and advocates such as California Immigrant Youth Justice Alliance (CIYJA), Immigrant Youth Coalition (IYC), and Human Rights Watch, and for their leadership on this issue.”

The Immigrant Legal Resource Center and CIVIC will work in partnership with formerly and currently detained immigrants and the state’s leadership to ensure full implementation of this bill. The ILRC and CIVIC will continue to fight for additional reforms to immigration detention, including the codification of standards of care across all detention facilities, the creation of extra protections for LGBTQ-identified immigrants in detention, increased visitation access to legal counsel and family members, the increased adoption of community-based alternatives to detention, and ultimately an end to all immigration detention.

For interviews with the Immigrant Legal Resource Center, a key co-sponsor and supporter of the bill, please contact Jareyah Bradley at jareyah@balestramedia.com or908.242.4822.

For interviews with CIVIC, please contact Christina Fialho at CFialho@endisolation.org or 510–612–3570.

The Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) is a national nonprofit that works with immigrants, community organizations, legal professionals, and policymakers to build a democratic society that values diversity and the rights of all people. Through community education programs, legal training & technical assistance, and policy development & advocacy, the ILRC’s mission is to protect and defend the fundamental rights of immigrant families and communities. www.ilrc.org

Community Initiatives for Visiting Immigrants in Confinement (CIVIC) is a California-based national nonprofit devoted to abolishing U.S. immigration detention, while ending the isolation of people currently suffering in this profit-driven system. We visit and monitor 43 facilities and run the largest national hotline for detained immigrants. Through these windows into the system, we gather data and stories to combat injustice at the individual level and push wide-scale systemic change. www.endisolation.org

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California Signs Dignity Not Detention Act Into Law was originally published in IMM Print on Medium, where people are continuing the conversation by highlighting and responding to this story.

Groups to Deliver Petition to the White House Calling on President Obama to Halt the Raids and Give Relief to Refugee Families from Central America

For Planning Purposes: Monday, February 1, 2016
Contact: Carlos Vogel, 202-239-2133, cvogel@cccaction.org

The Administration’s Unwillingness to End Raids is Unacceptable

(WASHINGTON) — Immigrant rights, social justice, and faith groups, along with directly impacted families will hold a press conference in front of the White House on Tuesday, February 2nd to deliver a petition with more than 130,000 signatures calling on President Obama to end deportation raids against refugee families from Central America and provide them with Temporary Protected Status (TPS).

Along with the petition signatures, a letter addressed to President Obama with over 75 organizational signers from across the country will also be delivered. The solidarity letter is organized by the National Korean American Service and Education Consortium (NAKASEC), Korean American Resource & Cultural Center (KRCC), Korean Resource Center (KRC), National Queer Asian Pacific Islander Alliance (NQAPIA), South Asian Americans Leading Together (SAALT), and the Southeast Asia Resource Action Center (SEARAC).

The groups participating in the petition delivery include: the Fair Immigration Reform Movement (FIRM), Reform Immigration FOR America (RI4A), CREDO Action, Southeast Immigrant Rights Network (SEIRN), Church World Service (CWS), Presente.org, Center for Popular Democracy Action, Just Foreign Policy, America’s Voice, National Korean American Service & Education Consortium (NAKASEC), Southeast Asia Resource Action Center (SEARAC), CASA in Action, and impacted families.

Press Conference Details:

WHO:   Alma Couverthie, Senior Director of Organizing, Casa de Maryland / FIRM

             Rev. Sharon Stanley-Rea, Director of Refugee and Immigration Ministries

             for the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)

Quyen Dinh, Executive Director, Southeast Asia Resource Action Center   

             (SEARAC)

             Directly Impacted Families

WHAT:   Delivery of Petition to the White House Calling on President Obama to

               Halt the Raids and Give Relief to Refugee Families from Central America 

WHEN:   Tuesday, February 2, 2016 at 11:00 a.m. EST.

WHERE:   In front of the White House (Lafayette Park side)

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Standoff Continues at Wildlife Refuge in Oregon: Four Domestic Terriorists Refuse to Leave

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Published January 29, 2016

BURNS, OREGON— The takeover of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge continued into its 28th day today as four domestic terrorists still remain.

The four remain three days after a group of fellow domestic terrorists were arrested and one shot dead.

“The negotiators continue to work around the clock to talk to those four people in an effort to get them to come out peacefully,” said FBI Special Agent in Charge Greg Bretzing.

On Thursday, the FBI released a video that dispels the notion that domestic terrorist LaVoy Fincium was attempting to surrender when he was shot dead by law enforcement.

Below is part of the FBI statement that deals with the moments leading to Finicum being shot:

When we come back to the video, the white truck leaves the scene at a high rate of speed. It travels some distance, quickly approaching a vehicle roadblock in the roadway.

As the white truck approaches the roadblock, there is a spike strip across the road but it appears Finicum missed it as he attempted to drive around the roadblock. He nearly hits an FBI agent as he maneuvers to the left. The truck gets stuck in the snowbank.

Finicum leaves the truck and steps through the snow. Agents and troopers on scene had information that Finicum and others would be armed. On at least two occasions, Finicum reaches his right hand toward a pocket on the left inside portion of his jacket. He did have a loaded 9 mm semi-automatic handgun in that pocket.

At this time, OSP troopers shot Finicum.

Approximately 30 seconds after the shooting, law enforcement officers at the scene deployed flash bangs to disorient any other armed occupants. Shortly after that, they deployed less-lethal sponge projectiles with OC capsules. Those OC capsules would be similar to pepper spray.

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Robert Iron Shell (Lakota) Named Hauff Mid-America Sports Men’s Track & Field Athlete-of-the-Week

Robert Iron Shell

Robert Iron Shell

Published January 28, 2016

SIOUX CITY, IOWA – The Great Plains Athletic Conference (GPAC) and Hauff Mid-America Sports announced Robert Iron Shell (Lakota) its men’s indoor track & field athletes-of-the-week for events held January 18-24, 2016. Hauff Mid-America Sports is the presenting sponsor of the 2015-2016 GPAC Players-of-the-Week and Players and Coaches-of-the-Year awards program.

Hauff Mid-America Sports/GPAC Men’s Indoor Track & Field Athlete-of-the-Week

Track Events – Robert Iron Shell, Briar Cliff University

Robert Iron Shell of Briar Cliff is this week’s track athlete-of-the-week.  Iron Shell, a junior from LeMars, Iowa, was a triple winner at this year’s Chelsey Henkenius Open. Robert’s times of 22.07 and 49.39 both obtained the A standard for the NAIA national meet where he is ranked 5th in both events nationally. His times are both tops in the GPAC and the 4×400 is second. His time of 22.07 is a new school record in the open 200.

Editor’s Note: This article first appeared in NDNSports.com. Used with permission. All rights reserved.

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A Passion for Helping: Pilar Montoya

Por Estaphania Baez
pilar
Born in Bogota, Colombia, Pilar Montoya left her home country when she was just 5 years old with her mother and her two older brothers, leaving behind her dad, the rest of her family and friends, and the thousands of memories forged during her early childhood. Her mother’s goal was clear: to provide a better future for her children, and what better place to pursue that than the country of the Stars and Stripes, so she brought them to Los Angeles, California. It was there that Pilar witnessed a woman’s first act of grit and bravery and decided to follow on that same path. Today, she dedicates her life to helping the millions of Latinos in the U.S. shine through a foundation she set up precisely to help Hispanics living abroad, in addition to her being a motivational speaker and businesswoman.

After becoming a U.S. citizen at 11, she has never stopped thriving. She got her degree at Sacramento State University, and has over 25 years of experience in business entrepreneurship. She has also earned national and international awards and is known in the business world as a born leader and outstanding public speaker.

“My passion is helping those in the community who feel like they’re alone and make them see that they are not. I came to the realization that our challenge as Latinos is to get a job, build trust, create a good life in the U.S. both for ourselves and for our children, and achieve our dreams… that is the reason why I help the community”, highlighted Pilar Montoya during her interview La Prensa San Diego.

Pilar Montoya, now a resident of San Diego, created the Caminos Foundation in 2014, and since then she has provided support to more than 2,000 low-income Hispanic residents. The foundation provides training to men and women looking for work, as well as workshops to educate the community regarding risks they are susceptible to, such as diabetes, obesity, and cancer, which greatly impact the Hispanic community due to not having the right information as to how to protect their health. Also through her foundation, Ms. Montoya works with small-business entrepreneurs seeking to open their own business; she advises them on how to obtain their licenses, better manage their finances, and sometimes even provides the resources needed to get their businesses going. As a result, Pilar is greatly admired and loved by the people who have found in her a helping hand.

Pilar shared that one of her greatest recent achievements has been the workshops she provides specifically for Latino women, where she teaches them to overcome all the challenges life can throw at you and turn them into positive results.
“You can either play the victim or you can learn how to get back up and overcome the challenge; the key – and my goal – is to inspire, to encourage these people to get over the hump… people who have lost their job… that is how life is, we all go through it, and these obstacles have to be risen over”, stressed Ms. Montoya.

These workshops for women are taught through MANA, a grassroots organization, over a four-month period.
In spite of the large number of awards Pilar has earned and the satisfaction she feels when she sees her alumni thrive, she assured us that nothing can compare with the great pride she feels seeing her children – Carlos, now 28, and Sibone, who is 25 – becoming successful professionals. Carlos is an industrial designer, and her little girl has a degree in Psychology; they have both lived in the U.S. their entire lives and have had access to better opportunities, all thanks to their mother’s work.

Pilar Montoya is part of a growing list of successful Latino women who have made it in a country other than their own. She is a source of pride for the Hispanic community, a Latino jewel.

Of All Arizona and New Mexico Tribes, Navajo had More Violent Crimes in 2014

In this Feb. 12, 2014 file photo, Navajo police officers closely keep watch on two men who lie handcuffed on the ground early Wednesday morning after executing a search warrant in Shiprock. Navajo Times | Donovan Quintero

In this Feb. 12, 2014 file photo, Navajo police officers closely keep watch on two men who lie handcuffed on the ground early Wednesday morning after executing a search warrant in Shiprock. Navajo Times | Donovan Quintero

Navajo Times | Donovan Quintero The Navajo Nation Drug & Gang Unit along with the Strategic Reaction Team aim their weapons at the front door of a suspected meth dealer on an early Feb. 12, 2014 in Shiprock while executing a search warrant. Officers arrested two men without incident. During their search, officers found 2.2 grams of meth and stolen firearms.

Navajo Times | Donovan Quintero
The Navajo Nation Drug & Gang Unit along with the Strategic Reaction Team aim their weapons at the front door of a suspected meth dealer on an early Feb. 12, 2014 in Shiprock while executing a search warrant. Officers arrested two men without incident. During their search, officers found 2.2 grams of meth and stolen firearms.

Published January 21, 2016

WINDOW ROCK, ARIZONA — New Mexico continues to face a higher degree of violent crimes than most other states, according to figures released recently by the FBI.

National figures put out by the FBI for 2014, the latest year that is available, places New Mexico as the fourth highest state when it comes to the amount of violent crime per capita.

And figures provided for crime in Indian Country shows violent and property crime per capita far higher on the Navajo Reservation than for any other tribes in the country.

These figures coincide with figures released annually by the Navajo Nation Division of Public Safety.

New Mexico in 2014, according to FBI figures, showed 8,653 cases of violent crimes in metropolitan areas, 2,908 in the smaller cities in the state and 895 in rural areas in the state.

Violent crimes include murders, rapes, and aggravated assaults (usually with a weapon of some kind).

Looking at the counties in the state, San Juan ranked third (behind Bernalillo and Valencia) and McKinley County rates third in the state behind Otero and Taos for crime in non-metropolitan areas.

McKinley County Undersheriff Paul Lucero said Wednesday that crime in the county is high “but it seems to be getting a little better.”

Editor’s Note: This article was first published in the Navajo Times. Used with permission. All rights reserved.

 

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Cherokee Nation to Disperse Heirloom Seeds February 1st

Two-week-old Native Tobacco/Cherokee Ceremonial Tobacco seedlings grown by Cherokee Nation citizen Eugene Wilmeth using Cherokee Nation Seed Bank inventory.

Two-week-old Native Tobacco/Cherokee Ceremonial Tobacco seedlings grown by Cherokee Nation citizen Eugene Wilmeth using Cherokee Nation Seed Bank inventory.

Published January 20, 2016

TAHLEQUAH, OKLAHOMA — The Cherokee Nation will begin dispersing its limited supply of heirloom seeds to tribal citizens interested in growing traditional Cherokee crops and plants starting February 1, 2016.

The Cherokee Nation keeps an inventory of seeds from rare breeds of corn, beans, squash, gourds, Trail of Tears beads, tobacco and several plants traditionally used for Cherokee customs. The seeds are not available in stores.

“The seed bank continues to expand and get more popular every year with our citizens. It’s also an important way the Cherokee Nation can keep our link to the land strong and preserve our history and heritage,” said Cherokee Nation Principal Chief Bill John Baker. “For Cherokee people, the process of harvesting seeds and passing them down has gone on for generations. It is an essential part of who we are today, and because of the seed bank program, we have created a growing interest with a new generation of Cherokees.”

In 2015, the tribe distributed 3,463 packages of seeds to Cherokee Nation citizens.

Eugene Wilmeth, a Cherokee Nation citizen of Midwest City, Oklahoma, planted Cherokee White Eagle Corn and Native tobacco seeds.

“I am very grateful for the Cherokee Nation seed bank, which gives me the opportunity to grow traditional and sacred plants that connect us to our culture and to our Creator. The program allows each of us to play an important role in the preservation of our heritage,” Wilmeth said.

Citizens are limited to two varieties. To get the seeds, citizens can either make an appointment to pick them up or email their request to seedbank@cherokee.org to have them sent by mail. Individuals must include a copy of his or her Cherokee Nation tribal citizenship card, proof of age and address.

For more information, contact Pat Gwin at 918-453-5704.

 

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