The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) tonight (April 3) verified with the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) two confirmed human cases of Influenza A (H7N9) in Zhejiang, involving two men, aged 38 and 67 respectively. The 38-year-old man has passed away.
Laboratory tests on the patients’ specimens by the Mainland health authorities yielded positive results for H7N9.
According to the Department of Health of Zhejiang, no epidemiological links were identified among the two cases at this stage. So far, the 183 close contacts of the two patients are asymptomatic.
A spokesman for DH stressed that the CHP is closely monitoring the situation, will continue to maintain close liaison with the Mainland health authorities for more case information as well as keep a close eye on the advice from the World Health Organization.
The spokesman also advised travellers especially those returning from Shanghai, Anhui, Jiangsu and Zhejiang with respiratory symptoms to wear facial masks and seek medical attention and reveal their travel histories to doctors. Health-care professionals should also pay special attention to those travellers who might have contact with birds or poultry in the four places.
via Two human cases of Influenza A (H7N9) in Zhejiang verified by NHFPC.
Health Department of Jiangsu Province, China issued a circular on Tuesday (April 2), there have been four cases of human infection with the H7N9 avian influenza virus cases confirmed in Jiangsu Province, the H7N9 virus infections in China increased to seven cases.
The notification lists 1 males and 3 females four patients engaged in live poultry slaughter in Jiangning District, a 45-year-old female. Health authorities had said earlier Tuesday that suspected she was infected with the H7N9 virus has now been confirmed.
via BBC Report: 4 New Cases Of H7N9 In China?.
But up until now, their ability to spark serious illness in humans has been limited. Which makes China’s announcement of 3 human infections – all resulting in serious and/or fatal illness – of particular interest.
via A Brief History Of H7 Avian Flu Infections.
While previous research has suggested that MRSA transfers from animals to humans, including a U.S. study last year that looked at “pig-MRSA,” the study published this week in EMBO Molecular Medicine provides the strongest evidence to date that this phenomenon is occurring and provides fodder to those advocating for greater limits on antibiotics in agriculture.
For this particular study, scientists at various research institutions in the UK and Denmark, including the University of Cambridge, looked at two Danish cases – a 53-year-old woman (Patient A) whose blood and nasal passage was positive for mecC-MRSA and a 69-year-old woman (Patient B) with a wound infected with mecC-MRSA. Both lived on farms – Patient A had two cows, two horses and a dog, and Patient B had a flock of ten sheep.
via Livestock-to-Human MRSA Transmission Confirmed | Food Safety News.
Strains of potentially deadly, antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteria show seasonal infection preferences, putting children at greater risk in summer and seniors at greater risk in winter, according to results of a new nationwide study led by a Johns Hopkins researcher.
It’s unclear why these seasonal and age preferences for infection with methicillin-resistant Staph aureus (MRSA) occur, says Eili Klein, Ph.D., lead author on the study and a researcher at the Johns Hopkins Center for Advanced Modeling in the Social, Behavioral and Health Sciences.
But he says that increased use of antibiotics in the winter may be one of the reasons. The winter strain that infects seniors at a greater rate is generally acquired in the hospital and resistant to more antibiotics. On the other hand, the summer strain of MRSA, which is seen with growing frequency in children, is largely a community-transmitted strain that is resistant to fewer antibiotics.
via Strains of antibiotic-resistant ‘Staph’ bacteria show seasonal preference; children at higher risk in summer.
Sonny Krishnan, World Health Organization (WHO) spokesman in Cambodia, says that bird flu is only detected when a human contracted the virus, not when birds in the area started dying.
“Surveillance is supposed to be from poultry deaths, but it’s always a human death. Then when you go to investigate, you find that ducks or chickens have been dy¬ing. It’s the reverse of how it should be,” he said.
This lack of detection was partly due to a lack of resources at the Agriculture Ministry, but also to farmers’ fears of their livestock being culled.
“There’s no compensation policy. That is a disincentive for them to report poultry deaths. If they report a death, it can mean that the whole flock could be culled,” he said.
via Cambodia reports seventh human bird flu case of 2013, surveillance a problem – National infectious disease | Examiner.com.
The Risks Of Chikungunya Outbreaks In The United States.
“All it took was one infected traveler to arrive infected with the virus to start the chain of transmission.” — then if that person in bitten by another mosquito of the same species in the new location – the disease can jump to the new location!
Doctors recommend that the members of the public not go to work if they begin to feel flu symptoms like chills, fever and not feeling well all over. The same goes for students going to school if they are feeling unwell. Leaving home while sick contributes to the widespread nature of the flu.
via Illinois flu outbreak is one of worst in the U.S. | Vaccine News Daily.