In the study, published yesterday in Environmental Health Perspectives, researchers collected samples from 530 birds on 18 large commercial chicken farms in Punjab, India. Susceptibility testing of 1,556 Escherichia coli isolates to 11 different antibiotics used in human health showed resistance to 10 of them, with particularly high levels of resistance to nalidixic acid (86%), tetracycline (47%), ampicillin (43%), co-trimoxazole (42%), and ciprofloxacin (39%).More than half of the E coli isolates tested were multidrug resistant (MDR), and nearly 60% were found to harbor extended-spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL), an enzyme that confers resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics.
it was 60 years ago this summer when the first U.S. pandemic H2N2 cases were reported, with the initial wave eventually peaking in October. Dubbed the `Asian Flu’, H2N2 was the first subtype change in seasonal flu in nearly 4 decades, and while milder than the 1918 H1N1 pandemic, it still claimed 70,000 lives in the United States (at a time when the U.S. population was 45% lower than today).
the raw sewage flowing into the sea from Gaza’s incapacitated wastewater treatment plant has become a health hazard for Palestinians and Israelis alike. Unlike Gaza’s sewage treatment plant, which lacks the electricity necessary to function, Israel’s desalination plants have all the power they need. But the sewage flowing north in the Mediterranean from Gaza has become a practical problem for Israel, polluting the sea water meant for desalination.The shot of the two men grinning on the beach was a poetic, tragicomic testament to the extent of Israel’s repression and dream world. Our neighbors are Gazans, not Indians. Our desalination plants are firmly dug into the Mediterranean coast, not attached to four-wheel drive vehicles. And when Gaza has no power, we all swim in refuse. But Netanyahu is banking on Indian support to continue controlling the Palestinians without paying the price internationally. Even if he is successful, will that change the fact that our fates are inseparably entwined with that of the Palestinians?
The International Committee of the Red Cross warned on Monday that the cholera epidemic in Yemen was spiralling out of control, reaching a milestone of over 300,000 suspected cases. More than 1,600 people have died. Children account for nearly half of all suspected cholera cases in the country, according to the UN’s children agency. Sana’a-based Taha Yaseen, from the Mwatana Organisation for Human Rights, said obstacles that stand in the way of controlling and containing cholera today in Yemen, include, but are not limited to, the ongoing war. “During [the war] almost all health facilities and healthcare services reached a point of thorough collapse and thus are unable to respond to the increasing need to address fatal diseases and civilian victims. Many hospitals [have] shut down and many others were hit either by air or ground strikes, occupied by militias or used as military barracks,” he said. “Most [people] cannot afford even the transportation from their countryside areas or displacements communities to the nearest medical centres to treat them for cholera,” he added.
Cholera outbreaks expand; Yemen’s total nears 300,000Cholera outbreaks in countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) Eastern Mediterranean region have reached a critical point, and the WHO and its partners are scaling up efforts to reduce the risk of spread to unaffected areas and neighboring countries, the agency said in a statement today.Mahmoud Fikri, the WHO’s Eastern Mediterranean office director, said the number of cholera and acute watery diarrhea cases in the region so far this year has exceeded the global total for all of 2016. The WHO said cholera has spread to Somalia’s northern region, which had been free of the disease for more than a decade. In Sudan, acute watery diarrhea was recently reported in a refugee camp in Darfur. The agency warned that an increasing number of people are at risk for the disease, due to worsening humanitarian conditions and lack of access to safe water and sanitation.The WHO and UNICEF hosted a meeting in Lebanon on Jul 8 and 9 that focused on scaling up preparedness and response to the outbreaks in the region. They adopted a regional roadmap that focused on strengthening coordination, enhancing multisector response teams, decentralizing and expanding lab testing, reinforcing guidelines for case management and infection control, scaling up water and sanitation activities at the household level, and beefing up risk communication at the community level.As of Jul 7 the cholera total in Yemen, the region’s worst-hit country, rose to 297,438 cases, 1,706 of them fatal, the WHO said in a Jul 8 epidemiologic update. Cases have been reported in all but one of Yemen’s 23 governorates. About 5,000 new suspected cases have been reported each day in the conflict-affected country.
Armed with a greater knowledge of the antibiotic resistome, scientists can devise new ways to counteract resistance to the drugs we already have and the antibiotics of the future.
“Bats get out of control and produce more viruses when humans create more fruit plantations – there has been a huge increase in date fruit production in Saudia Arabia – home of the MERS outbreak.”
The study shows that bats carry a significantly higher proportion of viruses able to infect people than any other group of mammals; and it identifies the species and geographic regions on the planet with the highest number of yet-to-be discovered, or ‘missing’, viruses likely to infect people. This work provides a new way to predict where and how we should work to identify and pre-empt the next potential viral pandemic before it emerges.
Lassa fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic fever illness. Lassa fever is transmitted to humans via contact with food or household items contaminated with rodent urine or faeces. Person-to-person infections and laboratory transmission can also occur.
Source: WHO | Lassa Fever – Nigeria
104 deaths have been reported since the onset of the current Lassa fever outbreaks season in December 2016
Current Number of deaths per year from chronic lower respiratory diseases (including asthma): 147,101
Current Annual Number of deaths: 76,488
Source: FastStats – Diabetes