Throughout the election campaign, Nicola Sturgeon said she was aiming for an outright majority of at least 65 seats in the 129-seat Scottish parliament in Edinburgh.
The SNP claimed this would have sent a powerful message to Boris Johnson and the UK parliament, that voters backed a referendum sooner rather than later.
However, Scotland’s part-proportional voting system was designed to reduce the chances of a single party winning a majority.
The SNP won 64 of the 65 seats it needed for a majority but it will still govern with other parties’ support.
The Greens won eight seats and also campaigned for a new referendum, within the next five years.