Cuba approves animal welfare law after civil society pressure | Reuters

Cuba has approved a long called-for decree on animal welfare in what some rights activists are hailing as an unusual triumph of civil society in the Communist-run country where animal sacrifice and cock and dog fighting remain commonplace. Source: Cuba approves animal welfare law after civil society pressure | Reuters

Here’s what’s next for West Covina, as it builds its own health department

All in all a pretty dumb move – “Perhaps the most challenging riddle to solve — lining up the dollars to pay for it all.”

The West Covina City Council made a bold statement by voting to terminate services with the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health last week as the community — and other local cities, many contemplating their own such moves — looked on.

The hard part, however, lies ahead: Creating a team that can deliver all the state-mandated services of an independent health department. It’s not just the roles amplified during the county’s response to COVID-19 outbreak, but also scores of other tasks including issuing birth and death certificates, inspecting restaurants, overseeing mental health and substance-abuse treatment and assuring that public-school students are vaccinated.

Perhaps the most challenging riddle to solve — lining up the dollars to pay for it all.

SGT-L-COUNCIL-1022_04.jpg?fit=620%2C9999Tony Wu (File photo by Keith Durflinger, Contributing Photographer)

Councilmember Tony Wu, contending that the county’s pandemic-spurred limits on business and other decisions “damaged people’s freedom and lives,” said the key issue is control. The mission, he said, will be to tap local data and local expertise to forge local decisions.

“People are frustrated, very upset,” said Wu. “People are angry. My job is find a solution. The solution is what we are trying to do right now. It’s very hard. It’s not easy to do what we’re doing right now.”

“Obviously, we want to save all 86 cities to the greatest extent possible,” said Dr. Paul Simon, chief science officer for LACDPH. “We’ve faced unprecedented challenges with this pandemic so we know there has been a lot of frustration not only among cities but members of the public.”

Simon said his department wants to have open communication with West Covina leaders to better understand their concerns. But should the city break away, Simon warned: “It’s not a simple process.”

“There are some state requirements for what a health department must do,” he said. “And there is an approval process.”

And, Simon added, “It’s certainly a financial commitment.”

Complex and costly

Wu and other officials say they understand that creating an independent health department will be a complex, costly and time-consuming mission.

The effort will demand funding, expertise, technology and other resources from a city in the midst of significant financial constraints.

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A California State Auditor’s Office report in December ranked West Covina the ninth most at-risk city in the state based on its fiscal health, warning that if leaders did not resolve ongoing structural budget deficits, the city of about 100,000 could face bankruptcy. The city’s reserve fund decreased from $20.5 million in 2014-15 to less than $10 million in 2018-19. The City Council declared a fiscal emergency in May, but current councilmembers have since put the blame on the previous administration and are working on a program — the report is due to the state auditor in July — to turn the city’s financial picture around.

Nonetheless, the breakaway is under way. The city’s first move: Send a letter to the Board of Supervisors communicating its intentions to terminate services from LACDPH by Monday. The annual deadline for cities to renew or terminate services with the county is March 1.

Next: Leaders will start mapping out staffing, structure, projected expenses to create and maintain the department, as well as possible funding sources. The county would continue to provide health department services until July 1.

The actual cost won’t be known for a while. But one of three California cities with its own health department is Pasadena, population 141,000, a mere 20 minutes or so away.

Pasadena’s public health budget has fluctuated between $12 and $13 million since 2015, according to Deputy Public Health Director Manuel Carmona. The budget will increase to around $17 million in 2021 as result of a three-year grant from the Centers for Disease Control, he said.

As for startup costs, the City of Roses probably wouldn’t be a fair comparison. Its health department’s launch date, which came even before the county’s, was 129 years ago.

Councilmember Brian Tabatabai provided a report from San Dimas, which also has researched the concept of breaking away from LACDPH, which estimated it would cost $60 million to $90 million to start a health department and $10 million to $15 million to maintain operations each year.

Meanwhile, West Covina officials were scheduled to meet with county representatives Friday to see if they could tap already collected tax dollars to help fund such a department. The county collects 1% of property taxes from West Covina for services. A third of that 1% goes toward Public Health Department services, which range from inspections and issuing licenses to providing education and assistance programs. In 2020, the county collected $31 million in property taxes from West Covina residents, about $10 million of which went toward public health services.

Public health officials, however, said last week the county will continue to collect those funds whether or not the city creates its own health department. Pasadena is not able to tap property taxes to fund its department, its officials said.

Funding options will be among the topics when Dr. Basil Vassantachart, who has been working as a health advisor to the city, meets Monday with City Manager David Carmany and Transtech, a civil engineering and building and safety services company, to discuss staffing and administration.

“The initial start-up will have to be a model that operates like an enterprise fund,” said Carmany, suggesting that the city could collect fees for such services as inspections.

Vassantachart challenged local leaders to innovate.

“What options do we have to save as much money as we can for the city?” Vassantachart asked. “The concept here is everyone wants to spend money. We want to provide a service in a cost-effective way. We need to explore new methods, more innovations, pull resources together.”

Robbyen Bird, West Covina’s finance director, is preparing a budget to share with the City Council at its March 16 meeting.

Vassantachart, who is gathering a group of doctors to meet state requirements, said collaboration will be key.

“We should think about innovation of utilizing resources and collaborating with the community,” Vassantachart said. “We should pool every resource together, no redundancy. This way it will benefit everybody and find a solution to solve all these problems.”

Hard questions

Not everyone in West Covina City is as enthusiastic as Wu and Vassantachart. Some believe the council should have worked harder to prepare for such a move before the big vote.

Tabatabai, the lone councilmember to vote against the breakaway, said a more detailed report of the fiscal impact should have been presented at the special meeting last Tuesday.

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“The money we pay to the county is non-reimbursable. We’re not going to get it back,” said Tabatabai. “To the residents, (we should) let them know, we’re going to pay for a service we can no longer get.”

“They (City Council members) haven’t done any research,” said Peggy Martinez, a 38-year West Covina resident. “They have done absolutely no analysis for financing this or anything.”

“The lack of communication with residents is a big deal,” the retired nurse said. “I’m in the process of trying to figure it out because they could not answer questions.”

“Based on the size of the L.A. County Department of Health organization and the manpower they have, we think we may not be served to the same degree,” said Charles D. Hinman, superintendent of the West Covina Unified School District. “It will affect us dramatically, unless the city can replace the services that we currently get from the county. That’s our biggest concern.”

Hinman called the council’s move a surprise. “If we had a little bit of advance notice, we probably would have made our own phone calls and talked to some individuals about what exactly is going on here.”

The district, Hinman said, would rather have seen a plan up front for a fully funded department that included doctors, nurses and social workers — “everyone that we would need to serve our district.”

Despite their concerns, Hinman said the school board plans to work closely with the city. “We value our relationship with the city of West Covina,” Hinman said. “We’re the largest employer in the city of West Covina. We’d love to continue the positive relationship we built.”

Staffing and standards

“A health department is a backbone for improving the health of the entire community,” said Dr. Ying-Ying Goh, director of the  Pasadena Public Health Department and the city’s medical officer.

Goh’s team makes sure the city’s homes are free of such toxics as lead. They run the city’s tobacco prevention program. They monitor local disease spread and examine the ways economic and social conditions impact health outcomes. They create a community health improvement plan. They make sure the food you ordered from a restaurant came from a safe, sanitary kitchen. And much more.

PAS-L-VIRUS-UPDATE-0421-GOH3.jpg?fit=620Pasadena Public Health Department director Dr. Ying-Ying Goh (Staff photo by Bradley Bermont/SCNG.)

Local departments must attain and maintain state standards for staffing, training and services. Lots of them. “These are legal requirements we have to meet,” Goh said.

Primary among them: “You have to have a medical doctor full-time to be your health officer,” she said. “That’s whose office where all the legal authorities reside.”

Goh added: “And you can’t just throw a doctor out there with no staff. It’s costly.”

Most of her department’s funding comes from the state, but Goh said it’s not enough to cover all the costs.

Grants help make ends meet, but those are temporary funding sources that may not get renewed from year to year. Sometimes, that means hiring and training someone, then letting them go when the money runs out.

Since the pandemic began, health department funding has increased — a big change after years of declining budgets — and Goh hopes to keep the money in her department when the pandemic is over.

“I don’t want us to come out of this pandemic and be in the situation we were in before with progressively — from year to year — a decreased amount of resources going toward the public health system,” Goh said. “That would just be shameful for us to continue making that mistake.”

Staff writers David Rosenfield and Bradley Bermont contributed to this story.

Assista a “Queen – A Kind of Magic (Official Video)” no YouTube

It’s a kind of magic
It’s a kind of magic
A kind of magic

One dream, one soul, one prize, one goal
One golden glance of what should be
It’s a kind of magic

A Kind of Magic✨✨

It’s a kind of magic
It’s a kind of magic
A kind of magic

One dream, one soul, one prize, one goal
One golden glance of what should be
It’s a kind of magic

One shaft of light that shows the way
No mortal man can win this day
It’s a kind of magic

The bell that rings inside your mind
Is challenging the doors of time
It’s a kind of magic

The waiting seems eternity
The day will dawn of sanity

Is this a kind of magic?
It’s a kind of magic
There can be only one

This rage that lasts a thousand years
Will soon be done

This flame that burns inside of me
I’m hearing secret harmonies
It’s a kind of magic

The bell that rings inside your mind
Is challenging the doors of time
It’s a kind of magic
It’s a kind of magic

This rage that lasts a thousand years
Will soon be, will soon be
Will soon be done

This is a kind of magic
There can be only one

This rage that lasts a thousand years
Will soon be done

It’s a kind of magic
It’s a kind of magic
Magic, magic, magic, magic

Magic, it’s magic
Yeah, yeah
It’s a kind of magic

✨✨ composição:Roger Taylor

✨✨Um tipo de magia…

É um tipo de magia
É um tipo de magia
Um tipo de magia

Um sonho, uma alma, um prêmio, um objetivo
Uma boa olhada no que deve ser
É um tipo de magia

Um facho de luz que mostra o caminho
Nenhum homem mortal pode ganhar este dia
É um tipo de magia

O sino que toca em sua mente
É um desafio às portas do tempo
É um tipo de magia

A espera parece uma eternidade
O dia vai raiar de sanidade

Isso é um tipo de magia?
É um tipo de magia
Só pode haver um

Essa fúria que dura milhares de anos
Em breve terminará

Esta chama que queima dentro de mim
Estou ouvindo harmonias secretas
É um tipo de magia

O sino que toca em sua mente
É um desafio às portas do tempo
É um tipo de magia
É um tipo de magia

Essa fúria que dura milhares de anos
Em breve, em breve
Em breve terminará

Isto é um tipo de magia
Só pode haver um

Essa fúria que dura milhares de anos
Em breve terminará

Isto é um tipo de magia
Isto é um tipo de magia
Magia, magia, magia, magia

Magia, é magia
Isso aí
Sim, sim
É um tipo de magia

✨✨ composição:Roger Taylor

Amazônia 💚

Pulmão do mundo

Rio mar

Nossa floresta em risco

Em risco?

Não…Sendo morta

Exaurida,mastigada, fustigada

Derruba,corta, queima

Expulsa índio,mata ativista

Os “patriotas” não dão descanso

Troncos centenários amontoados

Ou vira mesa ou vira lixo


Reduzido à gaveta, arquivo morto


Só lamento

O mundo sufocando , literalmente

E ninguém se dá conta…

Procurando um motivo,um culpado?

Melhor olhar pra nós

Pra dentro

E começar ontem

A mudar a trajetória

Voltar à natureza

Cuidemos da Mãe Terra

Antes que o ar acabe

E sufoquemos

Sem ar

E em nossas próprias desculpas


Poll: A majority of Americans think teachers should be vaccinated before reopening schools

They deserve the protection!!!

Principal Ben Geballe helps students settle into a classroom as they return to in-person learning on February 25, in New York City. | Michael Loccisano/Getty Images

The poll shows Americans have nuanced opinions about when — and how — to reopen schools.

Many schools have been closed since the earliest days of the pandemic, resorting to remote learning in an effort to reduce the spread of Covid-19. Now that scientists have a better understanding of how to limit infections in schools — and with vaccine distribution ramping up throughout the country — some parents, students, and educators are calling for the days of closed schools to soon be in the rearview mirror.

But a new Pew Research poll has found that a majority of Americans — 59 percent — believe that K-12 schools that have yet to open should remain closed for now, at least until all teachers who want a vaccine get one, compared to just 40 percent who say schools should reopen as quickly as possible.

The poll of 10,121 US adults (taken from February 16 to 21) also found that 61 percent of adults believe schools should make the possibility that students may fall behind with online learning central to deciding whether to reopen.

That percentage is up 13 percent from a similar July 2020 poll taken at the height of the pandemic. In last year’s poll, respondents were more concerned with preventing the spread of the virus among students (61 percent) and teachers (60 percent). Pew found respondents far less worried about these concerns in its latest poll, with 48 percent concerned with spread among teachers and 45 percent concerned about the spread among students.

The results are somewhat contradictory; if students falling behind is a key concern, that would suggest schools ought to be opened as soon as possible, given that current data suggests online learning has slowed students’ progress. However, if vaccinating all teachers who would like to be inoculated is important, then reopening may have to be delayed, given the current availability of vaccines.

The issue of when to reopen schools is one that evokes strong emotions on either side of the debate. Parents have been left to care for their own kids while managing learning online at home over the last year, while teachers have understandably been terrified of exposing themselves and their families to a potentially deadly disease.

According to an EducationWeek report released Wednesday, at least 227 active teachers have died of Covid-19 in the US since the start of the pandemic. That teaching in person may prove fatal is a legitimate concern that has many teachers’ unions across the country now pushing for delaying school reopenings until their teachers can get the vaccine.

The Pew poll suggests that a majority of US adults are sympathetic to that position, even if it may mean putting students further behind academically.

The poll revealed differences of opinions along racial lines. Eighty percent of Black respondents said schools should wait until teachers who want it can be vaccinated; 72 percent of Asian respondents agreed, along with 69 percent of Hispanic respondents. However, only a slight majority (51 percent) of white poll takers said reopenings should be contingent on vaccination.

The numbers were even starker along partisan lines, with nearly 8 in 10 Democrats (79 percent) agreeing with waiting until teachers can be vaccinated, compared to just 34 percent of Republicans.

There’s a federal push to reopen schools — but doing so may still take more time

President Joe Biden has pushed for a quick return to full time, in-person learning since taking office late last month, with the CDC releasing new guidelines for reopening schools safely. But those guidelines are also preventing some school districts from being able to reopen.

One of the guidelines recommends that areas with high local spread of Covid-19 — a condition currently applicable to large swaths of the US — should only reopen with a fraction of the student population, or remain closed altogether.

The lack of action has left many parents frustrated, and students at risk of falling behind and suffering negative mental health outcomes. And even with an ambitious vaccination program, waiting to vaccinate all teachers will take time, as epidemiologist Benjamin Linas noted for Vox:

I appreciate that returning to in-person learning carries some risk for educators. There is no immediately foreseeable scenario in which there will be truly no risk of Covid-19 infection in school settings.

However, insisting on a zero-risk scenario for school reopening is a commitment to long-term remote learning, which most people agree is not acceptable. We owe it to educators to do everything we can to mitigate risk.

Vaccines can help lower this risk even further but do not save the day just yet. It will take time to vaccinate all teachers (who are only currently eligible for shots in just over half of states) and, still longer, students. And even when people are vaccinated, we do not yet know for certain that the vaccine prevents transmission of the virus (which has been a sticking point for educators and their unions because it means that, theoretically, they could pick up the infection without getting sick and transmit it to others, like unvaccinated family members).

Balancing the health of teachers and students with the academic progress and mental health of students is no easy task. Reflecting this, public opinion appears to be uniquely nuanced on the issue. The decisions of administrators and teachers’ unions may lead to some frustration in the short term, but perhaps the best news is that the pandemic will, eventually, be over.

Fair Warning to Employers


A hazard in an office may be small and infrequent, but if you fail to take action, it can cost you.

This story comes from Australia. An office manager was responsible for various functions that pulled her away from her desk. She was also responsible for answering phones. She requested a wireless headset so that she didn’t have to run for the phone, which the owner refused on the grounds that calls were infrequent. And of course, one day, running to pick up a call, she falls and gets hurt.

The headset would have cost $27. The court settlement was $91,000 plus legal fees.

In the US, the lawsuit would also have impacted workman’s comp insurance rates. Talk about pain. The average workman’s comp settlement is $21,800.(2) That’s still a lot more than a $27 headset.

And if you think this can’t happen in the US, we have a workman’s…

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The Evolution of Jamaican Music: From Revivalism to Reggae (Part I) — Repeating Islands

Earlier this month, Caribbean National Weekly examined “Evolution of Jamaican Music: From Revivalism to Reggae.” Part I focused on “Revivalism, Mento, Ska.” Here are excerpts; see full article at Caribbean National Weekly. [Many thanks to Peter Jordens.] Jamaica is traditionally described as the “land of wood and water,” but that description would be more accurate, […]

The Evolution of Jamaican Music: From Revivalism to Reggae (Part I) — Repeating Islands