The research team identified six main SARS-CoV-2 variants, using genome sequences from the Global Initiative on Sharing Avian Influenza Data (GISAID), a global science initiative and primary source that provides open-access to genomic data on influenza viruses and the coronavirus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic.
It found that the Type 6 variant has become dominant globally since April 2020, accounting for over 95 percent of data collected after mid-May 2020, according to the research team’s study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) on Nov. 12.
The mutation in the U.K. indicates such change cannot be easily stopped, Academia Sinica said, making observations of mutations particularly important.
The global real-time monitoring network to track SARS-CoV-2 variations is intended to facilitate the discovery of emerging variants, and to promote the scientific assessment of vaccine efficiency and the ongoing spread of the virus, the institution said.
The network can be found at https://sarscov2.sinica.edu.tw/tracking.html on the Academia Sinica website.