Dulce García: Sueños y Resistencia

Foto de Andrea López-Villafaña | La Prensa San Diego

Por Andrea López-Villafaña

Al igual que miles de inmigrantes indocumentados conocidos como “Dreamers”, cuyo futuro permanece en suspenso, Dulce García, abogada local de inmigración y defensa criminal, lucha para compartir sus historias y encontrar una solución permanente para estos jóvenes inmigrantes.

García está entre los demandantes nombrados en la demanda contra el Presidente Donald Trump y su administración por terminar el programa de Acción Diferida para los Llegados en la Infancia (DACA, por su sigla en inglés) que proporcionó permisos de trabajo y protección a jóvenes indocumentados que llegaron a los Estados Unidos como menores de ser deportados.

Este es un tema que apasiona a García porque ella es una de las aproximadamente 800 mil jóvenes conocidas como “Dreamers”.

“He aprendido a no darme por vencida a la primera cuando me cierran una puerta en mi cara, a ser resistente, y me ha hecho más fuerte y me ha convertido en quien ahora soy”, dijo García.

García tiene su despacho jurídico en Barrio Logan y recientemente abrió otro en Chula Vista. Ella está involucrada con varias organizaciones como San Diego Border Dreamers y participa en eventos enfocados en informar a los miembros indocumentados en las comunidades de San Diego sobre sus derechos.

“Sabía que quería ser una abogada de defensa criminal”, dijo García. “Nunca se me ocurrió que estaría practicando la ley de inmigración”.

Pero eso cambió cuando su hermano menor fue detenido por un policía y se le acusó de conducir con una licencia suspendida, a pesar de que no tenía una licencia, y luego fue entregado a ICE, dijo García.

Su hermano fue detenido en El Centro, y aunque aún era estudiante en la universidad, García y su hermano mayor decidieron arriesgarse a ser detenidos en un retén de control para visitar a su hermano detenido.

“Cuando lo vi detenido no era él mismo, le rompieron su espíritu”, dijo. “No pude reconocerlo y entonces supe que tenía que aprender la ley de inmigración”.

García dijo que en ese punto, la ley de inmigración se volvió una necesidad para que ella la entendiera en profundidad.

“He visto tantas personas muy fuertes en mi trabajo”, dijo García. “Mis clientes, he escuchado sus historias y algunos de ellos han pasado por cosas increíbles y hacen que mi historia parezca una buena historia en comparación con algunas de las cosas difíciles por las que ellos han pasado”.

García y su familia se mudaron a Barrio Logan en 1987, pero ella dijo que, al igual que hoy, había una retórica de odio en contra de los latinos, por lo que recuerda haber vivido en una vida protegida porque sus padres no querían que sus hijos estuvieran afuera.

Debido a su estado migratorio, García dijo que su familia temía tener alguna interacción con la policía e incluso con hospitales. Y su temor de que los deportaran fue tan grande que su padre, un soldador, una vez se lastimó el brazo de tal manera que, debido a evitar atención médica inmediata, estuvo cerca de que le amputaran el brazo, dijo García.

García no entendía qué significaba ser indocumentado y relacionó sus limitaciones como familia con su situación financiera, dijo.

Pero su situación legal y sus obstáculos salieron a la luz cuando estaba en el proceso de aplicar a universidades como muchos de sus amigos de la escuela secundaria.

“No me di cuenta de que había una diferencia entre mis compañeros de clase y yo”, dijo García. “No sabía que ser indocumentado iba a afectar el resto de mi vida”.

Después de ser aceptada en varios colegios y universidades, García dijo que decidió buscar el consejo de un consejero escolar muy respetado, pero en cambio le dijo que no podría asistir a la universidad porque ella era una “extranjera ilegal”.

“Estaba destrozada, pensé que mi consejero iba a ser un héroe para mí”, dijo con la voz quebrada. “Y en su lugar dijo ‘eres una extranjera ilegal, ni siquiera vas a ir a un colegio comunitario’”.

García recuerda que salio de la oficina del consejero, y, a pesar de sus comentarios, ella le respondió “mírame hacer esto”.

Ese verano, García asistió a clases nocturnas en un colegio comunitario mientras trabajaba de tiempo completo para un abogado. García luego se transfirió a UC San Diego y se graduó con una licenciatura en ciencias políticas.

En el momento en que García asistía a la universidad, el California Dream Act, que permitía a Dreamers solicitar ayuda financiera para la escuela, no estaba, así que trabajó hasta que ahorró para asistir a la escuela de leyes.

Ella atribuye su necedad para seguir adelante a su madre, a quien describe como una mujer muy fuerte, pero admite que su camino no ha sido fácil, especialmente con la administración presidencial actual.

“A veces me siento tan deprimida y sin esperanza”, dijo García.

Pero luego recuerda a los miembros de su familia y eso le da fuerzas, dijo.

Ella habló más abiertamente sobre su situación legal y su historia cuando la nueva administración amenazaba a DACA, pero ella dijo que simplemente estaba siguiendo los pasos de los activistas de DACA que han estado luchando durante más de 20 años.

“Lo menos que puedo hacer es replicar algunas de las cosas que valientemente han hecho durante 20 años y eso es contar mi historia”, dijo García.

García dijo que entiende que aunque DACA proporcionó alivio para ella y para los demás, muchas personas indocumentadas como su propio hermano mayor no calificaron para el programa.

“El es otra razón por la que sigo peleando porque se quedó fuera de este programa”, dijo García. “Es otra persona que tengo en mente cada vez que hablo en las oficinas del Congreso, cada vez que salgo a la calle a protestar, mis padres y él son los que tengo principalmente en mente”.

García dijo que siente que es su deber a los activistas originales de DACA de hablar tanto como pueda y usar su voz como una herramienta para seguir luchando.

“Hasta que tengamos una solución permanente a esta crisis de DACA, hasta que personas como mis padres estén a salvo, hasta que se reconozca a gente como mi hermano y le devolvamos un poco de dignidad y respeto, seguiremos luchando”, dijo.

‘Islamic State’ is fighting with weapons made in the EU: study

Foreign sales of military arms and equipment across the world totalled $374.8 billion in 2016, the first year of growth (by 1.9 per cent), after five years of decline. American companies had a $217.2 billion lion’s share of foreign arms sales. Seven out of ten of the world’s top arms companies were American, earning $152.1 billion, with Lockheed Martin leading with $40.8 billion.

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More than a third of the weapons used by “Islamic State” in Iraq and Syria came from European Union states — including Germany, a new report has found. The data shows that deadly arms can often up in the wrong hands.

Yemen’s Houthis are using missiles ‘made in Iran,’ US says

Foreign sales of military arms and equipment across the world totalled $374.8 billion in 2016, the first year of growth (by 1.9 per cent), after five years of decline. American companies had a $217.2 billion lion’s share of foreign arms sales. Seven out of ten of the world’s top arms companies were American, earning $152.1 billion, with Lockheed Martin leading with $40.8 billion.

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US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley has accused Iran of violating international law by supplying missiles to Houthi rebels in Yemen. Tehran has rubbished the claims as “unfounded” and “fabricated.”

Climate Change Threatens Mexican Agriculture

Mexican agriculture has begun to feel the impacts of climate change, affecting the productivity of some staple foods in the local diet. The photo shows a vegetable street market, with products that go directly from the producers to consumers, in the west of Mexico City. Credit: Emilio Godoy / IPS

Mexican agriculture has begun to feel the impacts of climate change, affecting the productivity of some staple foods in the local diet. The photo shows a vegetable street market, with products that go directly from the producers to consumers, in the west of Mexico City. Credit: Emilio Godoy / IPS

By Emilio Godoy
MEXICO CITY, Dec 14 2017 (IPS)

Azael Meléndez recalls the tornado that in May 2015 struck his hometown of San Gregorio Atlapulco, in Xochimilco, on the outskirts of Mexico City.

“I had never seen anything like it, and I asked my parents, and they said the same thing,” the farmer told IPS.

The tornado lifted fences protecting gardens in the area, whose name means “place in the middle of the water” in the Nahuatl language, and which is located on the south side of greater Mexico City, which is home to 22 million people.

For Meléndez, who has a horticultural project with two other farmers, this is one of the manifestations of climate change, “which has devastated the area along with urbanisation.” The group uses the ancestral method of “chinampas” to grow lettuce, broccoli, radish, beets and aromatic herbs.

They grow crops on an area of about 1,800 square metres, harvesting about 500 kilograms of products per week, which they sell to 10 restaurants, in the wholesale market in the capital and tianguis (street markets).”Agriculture is highly dependent on local weather conditions and is expected to be very sensitive to climate change in the coming years. In particular, a warmer and drier environment could reduce agricultural production.” — Eduardo Benítez

Water shortages, an unstable climate, proliferation of pests, infrequent but more intense rainfall, hail and the effects of human activities are affecting an area that is crucial for the supply of food and for climate regulation in the Mexican capital, says a study by the international environmental organisation Earthwatch Institute.

The system of chinampas, a Nahuatl word that means “the place of the fertile land of flowers”, was practiced by the native peoples long before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the 15th century.

The Aztec technique is based on the construction of small, rectangular areas of arable soil to grow crops in the microregion’s wetlands, with fences made of stakes of ahuejote (willow), a water-tolerant tree typical of this ecosystem.

The chinampa method is used on a total of 750 hectares, where about 5,000 farmers work.

The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) classifies it as one of the Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), for preserving agrobiodiversity, helping farmers adapt to climate change, guaranteeing food security and fighting poverty.

But not only this microregion is affected by climate change. Indeed, it is difficult to find a place in Mexico that is not exposed to it.

The May report “Estimates of potential yields with climate change scenarios for different agricultural crops in Mexico”, by the Ministry of Agriculture and the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change, projected a decline in rainfall in the country.

The report, focused especially on crops of corn, beans, wheat, soybeans, sorghum and barley, found that water productivity is decreasing for most crops, which means water requirements will increase in the medium term. It also found yield loss for the seven crops, especially marked in the case of corn, beans and wheat.

In the southern state of Chiapas, farmers are already facing water shortages, sudden and heavy rains, floods and rising temperatures.

“The areas need water, we need water for the land, renewed soil, because that is the baseline. And it’s not exclusive to Chiapas, it is happening throughout Mexico,” Consuelo González, a farmer in Chiapas who grows corn on 40 hectares of land, told IPS.

González, a representative of a producers committee for her state, said there are also problems of deforestation and bad agricultural practices.

Chiapas, the second-poorest state in the country, has a sown area of 1.42 million hectares and 62 crops. Among its main products are corn, pastures, coffee, sugar cane, bananas, mangoes, beans and oil palm, which account for nearly 90 percent of the state’s total production.

The 12 most important crops produce 10.11 million tons. In the case of corn, the yield reaches 1.5 tons per hectare, half of the national yield of 3.2 tons, due to the size of the plots and low level of mechanisation.

In 2010, the region passed the Law for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the State of Chiapas, and one year later it implemented the Climate Change Action Plan.

In its nationally determined contribution (NDC), incorporated two years ago in the Paris Agreement on climate change, Mexico included strengthening the diversification of sustainable agriculture among the measures to be adopted by 2030.

Among the instruments to achieve this goal, it establishes the conservation of germplasm and native species of corn and the development of agroecosystems through the incorporation of climatic criteria in agricultural programmes.

In its NDCs, the country pledged to reduce its polluting emissions by 22 percent by 2030, compared with 2013 levels.

That year, Mexican agricultural activity released 80.17 million tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. By 2020, emissions of this potent greenhouse gas are expected to reach 111 million.

By 2030, the goal is to curb agricultural and livestock emissions to 86 million tons.

“Agriculture is highly dependent on local weather conditions and is expected to be very sensitive to climate change in the coming years. In particular, a warmer and drier environment could reduce agricultural production,” said Eduardo Benítez, assistant representative of Programmes at the FAO Partnership and Liaison Office in Mexico.

Among other consequences of climate change, he mentioned to IPS a higher prevalence of fungi and pests, soil transformation, less availability of land and water for agriculture and alterations in agrobiodiversity.

“They give something, but it’s not enough,” Meléndez said about the government’s support for helping the “chinamperos” – farmers who grow crops using the chinampa method – adapt to climate change.

“It has cost us a lot of work. We carry out prevention work, such as using biological filters, to raise water in the channels to a certain level for irrigation. We try to regulate the temperature with meshes of different sizes that provide shade for the crops,” he explained.

One of the problems lies in the lack of coordination among Mexican institutions, as shown by the assessment of the Government’s 2014-2018 Special Programme on Climate Change (PECC), implemented by the government to address the phenomenon.

This analysis shows that the Information System of the Cross-cutting Agenda that operated between 2009 and 2012 is not working since the programme came into force in 2014, which prevents a “close follow up” of the progress of its 199 lines of action.

In addition, it found that the National Climate Change System has not addressed the question of connecting programmes, actions and investments at the federal, state and municipal levels, with the PECC.

González, based on her experience as a farmer, recommended silvopastoral (combining forestry and grazing) systems to maintain the plots. “There are areas that can be well preserved. We focus on soil conservation. Another solution is agroecology,” to restore soils and preserve resources, she said.

FAO and the government Agency for Marketing Services and Development of Agricultural Markets (ASERCA) are working on a project of early warnings for agriculture based on agrometeorological information to monitor the climate impacts on food production and availability.

The aim is for this data to be available to “policy-makers, financial and risk management institutions and mainly to producers. Thus, public policy can be oriented in actions such as the promotion and use of crop insurance or the activation of contingency funds,” said Benítez.

The post Climate Change Threatens Mexican Agriculture appeared first on Inter Press Service.

Mauritania:Mauritania – New ‘Apostasy’ Draft Law

How is it that God needs the protection of politicians? Seems that politicians around the globe pretend to protect God in an attempt to protect themselves and divert attention away from their not so secret denial of God. [HRW] Mauritanian deputies should reject a new draft law that would make the death penalty mandatory for the crime of “insulting” or “mocking” God, the Quran, or the Prophet Muhammad, Human Rights Watch said today.

Bribes for TV soccer rights allegedly paid with ‘agreement and support’ of Murdoch’s Fox executives

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  • Documents form part of sprawling investigation into football corruption
  • Testimony in Fifa trial places Fox executives in meetings with corrupt officials

Senior executives at Rupert Murdoch’s 21st Century Fox corporation are alleged to have agreed for millions of dollars in bribes to be paid to South American soccer officials to secure major broadcast deals, according to US prosecution documents unmasked by sworn testimony.

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In Alabama, black women saved America from itself – as they’ve always tried to do | Charlene White

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African-American women came out in droves and voted 98% against Roy Moore, preventing what could have been a huge wrong

Black women have been trying to save America from itself for generations. So the breakdown of who voted in Alabama’s Senate election this week come as no surprise. Since as far back as the 19th century, African American women have been fighting for civil rights; they have always been front and centre in terms of mobilising support for equality and justice. Though it would not be surprising if you’ve never heard their stories – by and large black female trailblazers have tended to be erased from history.

Related: The African American voters at the heart of Doug Jones’ Alabama victory

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US gives evidence Iran supplied missiles that Yemen rebels fired at Saudi Arabia

They also announced that missiles from the US, UK, India, South Africa, Poland, France, Germany are supplied to everyone with enough cash around the world – so… What a load of crap propaganda!

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Nikki Haley said that evidence shows Iran providing supply of short-range ballistic missiles to Houthi rebels, a violation of a United Nations resolution

The US has presented evidence that officials said proved that Iran had supplied short-range ballistic missiles to Houthi rebels in Yemen which were then fired at Saudi Arabia.

The US envoy to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, made the presentation at Bolling Air Force base in Washington, which is the headquarters to the Defence Intelligence Agency.

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The Best Jimikki Kammal Videos Yet Show Kerala Muslim Women Dancing with Blazing Political Purpose

Over the weekend, women in Kerala decided to express their political support for the Malappuram girls through the best medium: Jimikki Kammal dance videos.

Source: The Best Jimikki Kammal Videos Yet Show Kerala Muslim Women Dancing with Blazing Political Purpose

“The videos will exist for posterity. Maybe someday, some child in the future will ask her grandmother why these women were dancing so seriously to such a silly song. Where was there a cheering crowd of protesters around them? And she will tell her the story all over again, of how women came together to dance in support of other woman, and the child will smile, and be inspired by – and, possibly, a little alarmed at – the passion of her ancestors. And that will be enough.”