HIV ′Patient Zero′ cleared of causing epidemic in US | News | DW.COM | 27.10.2016

Genetic testing on 1970s blood samples has shown that Gaetan Dugas, long vilified as an originator of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the United States, was not the man responsible for spreading the deadly disease.A study published in the journal Nature put together the genetic sequence of the HIV virus from archived blood samples of gay and bisexual men who were participating in a hepatitis B study at the time. Researchers then traced the genetic changes of the virus among men in New York and San Francisco. They found the HIV virus came from the Caribbean to New York City around 1970, starting the North American epidemic.University of Arizona evolutionary biologist Michael Worobey led the study. “The outbreaks in California that caused people to ring alarm bells and led to the discovery of AIDS were really just offshoots of the earlier outbreak that we see in New York City,” said Worobey.

Source: HIV ′Patient Zero′ cleared of causing epidemic in US | News | DW.COM | 27.10.2016

Italian researcher creates a gelato that makes you better at sport – The Local – Viva!

The foods which best conserve the substances include dried fruits, cocoa beans and green tea, he says – and low, controlled temperatures help too. So gelato is the perfect way to eat your way to a healthy heart.The scientist created three types of ice cream (chocolate, hazelnut and green tea flavour) following a secret recipe at a Rome gelateria, before transporting it to the university on his moped.There, he carried out tests to check the effectiveness of the antioxidant dessert.Participants took blood tests before and after sampling the gelato (with some taking a placebo, a standard chocolate ice cream) and were also asked to pedal as fast as they could on an exercise bike.The tests showed that the gelato improved vascular function and also improved participants’ physical performance. These changes were not observed in those who ate the placebo ice cream.”Who says that health foods have to taste bad?” asks Sanguigni.

Source: Italian researcher creates a gelato that makes you better at sport – The Local

Thousands of Women in Iceland Say, No Equal Pay? Then We’ll Leave Work Early – The Ladies FingerThe Ladies Finger

Women in Iceland have had it up to here with wage disparity. Even though the country has, for years now, had the lowest gender gap in Europe, women there still earn 14 to 18 percent less than men. That means that around 2:38 pm, women effectively begin working for free according to statistics put out by women’s organisations. Which is why on Monday, thousands of women left work at this time and gathered in Austurvöllur square in the country’s capital, Reykjavik.The massive protest was also a throw back to Women’s Day Off. This was an incredible strike that took place on the same day 41 years ago, when 90 percent of the country’s women – mums, grandmums, school children – refused to work, babysit or cook for their families, turned up in huge droves on the streets and protested the lack of equal pay and other issues. This isn’t the first time this month that thousands of women took to the streets to fight for vital issues. Last Wednesday, Argentinian women left their offices to protest the murder and rape of a 16-year-old girl and women in Warsaw shouted for pro-choice while protesting the Polish ban on abortions. These public displays of solidarity have been amazing to watch. Hooray for women uniting in protest!

Source: Thousands of Women in Iceland Say, No Equal Pay? Then We’ll Leave Work Early – The Ladies FingerThe Ladies Finger