The Dutch East India Company (DEIC) shipped hundreds of thousands of African and Asian slaves within the Indian Ocean world throughout the 17th and 18th centuries (Allen, 2014). These slaves were purchased and transported to work at several DEIC settlements such as; the centre of operations at Batavia (Jakarta), the strategic commercial emporia like Malacca, the agricultural estates established in the Spice Islands of eastern Indonesia, the stations in Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and the settlement at the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa) (Allen, 2014). By setting up the settlement at the Cape, the DEIC had established a new node which previously had no connection to the Indian Ocean world (Mbeki, 2018). This new node, the Cape, became linked to the East African coast by way of trade, especially in people, South and Southeast Asia as a part of the Dutch trading empire. The Dutch Indian Ocean slave trading system drew slave labour from 3 sub-regions that is; the westernmost, African course of East Africa, Madagascar, and the Mascarene Islands (Mauritius and Reunion); the middle, South Asian course of the Indian subcontinent (Malabar, Coromandel, and the Bengal/Arakan coast); and the easternmost, Southeast Asian course of Malaysia, Indonesia, New Guinea (Irian Jaya), and the southern Philippines (Vink, 2003: 139; Allen, 2014).
Even so, there were numerous individual acts of defiance and during the early 19th century, there were 2 uprisings. Further, because male slaves outnumbered their owners, violence was the main tool used by slave owners to maintain order and control. The DEIC’s response to slave challenges to its authority often included impalements, branding, flogging, and disfiguration (McKenna, 2011). Dutch farmers also employed violence against their slaves and sometimes the punishment meted out would be so fierce that it would lead to death (Shell, 1992). While this section of the piece has only focused on the violence inflicted upon Cape slaves, it’s important to note that the Dutch were known for bringing about fierce violence in an attempt to maintain their rule wherever they settled.
Source: The Dutch Empire: Slavery and The Indian Ocean Slave Trade – Come Away From Shadows
“It’s not the old COVID, it’s a new COVID, highly infectious, infects the young and old, infects the healthy and can be deadly, so please, we need to take this seriously,” she told Global News. Source: ‘It’s not the old COVID’: Whistler doctor urges B.C. to overcome pandemic fatigue | Globalnews.ca
Journalists covering a protest in a Minneapolis suburb Friday night were forced on their stomachs by law enforcement, rounded up and were only released after having their face and press credentials photographed. The incident occurred hours after a judge issued a temporary order barring the Minnesota State Patrol from using physical force or chemical agents against journalists, according to court documents. It also barred police from seizing photographic, audio or video recording equipment, or press passes.
Colt said Minnesota state and local police were involved in the incident. The loudspeaker announcements came from the sheriff’s department, he said.
“The emergency order requires law enforcement to take certain steps to protect journalists… the order requires law enforcement to leave them alone,” said Adam Hansen, an attorney with Apollo Law LLC, who is working on the civil case with ACLU-Minnesota. “We absolutely see what happened last night as a violation of the court’s order and we’re doing everything we can to make sure that it doesn’t continue tonight and on into the future.”
Source: Brooklyn Center protests: Police round up journalists
“We know in Ontario that the huge drivers right now of transmission are workplaces, particularly industrial workplaces, warehouses, Amazon distribution centres, post offices,” said Fisman.
“We know a lot of the folks who are getting sick are lower income or have poor job security, can’t stay home if they feel sick.”
According to Fisman, what the premier should have done instead was to double-down on stronger ventilation in indoor settings, increased COVID-19 testing and paid sick leave for those in essential businesses.
“And I didn’t hear any of that today. I didn’t hear any of that in today’s press conference … It’s so ridiculous.”
Source: Ontario’s new COVID-19 restrictions have science ‘absolutely upside-down,’ experts say | Globalnews.ca
One month after the peak of Florida’s spring break, the number of residents infected with more infectious mutated strains of COVID-19 has exploded, rising six-fold since mid-March and leaving 122 people hospitalized.
The information, disclosed in response to a lawsuit by the Orlando Sentinel against the Florida Department of Health, shows the total as of Thursday reached 5,177 cases involving five “variants of concern” — a designation from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for mutations that make the virus more transmissible, deadly or resistant to treatment and current vaccines.
In 31 of those cases, the people infected died.
“This is kind of what a lot of public health folks have been afraid of, and why we’re trying to emphasize the need for continued caution as we move forward,” said Zinzi Bailey, a social epidemiologist at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. “My biggest fear is that, if we become more lax with our masking and our social distancing, we will actually start creating our own variant” — including, potentially, one that could evade current vaccines.
Source: Following spring break, Florida’s COVID variant cases explode – Orlando Sentinel
If adults want to keep using the treadmill, the commission said, they should use it only in a locked room so children and pets can’t come near it. When not in use, the treadmill should be unplugged and the safety key taken out and hidden away. The commission also said to keep exercise balls and other objects away from it, because those have been pulled under the treadmill, too. Source: US regulators warn Peloton users to stop using treadmill after child death | US news | The Guardian